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What Army manual covers drill and ceremony?
FM 3-21.5
FM 3-21 5 is descended from document?
The Blue Book
Who wrote the blue book?
Baron Friedrich von Steuben.
Who was Baron Friedrich von Steuben?
A Prussian, former staff officer to Fredrick the Great, who was hired by General George Washington.
Why was he hired by Washington?
Washington recognized that his troops lacked organization, discipline, control and teamwork.
What’s the purpose of drill?
Enable a commander to move a unit from one place to another in an orderly and timely manner, Promotes discipline, teamwork, confidence, pride, attention to detail.
What’s the purpose of ceremonies?
Adds color and pageantry to military life while preserving tradition and promoting esprit de corps.
What are the three methods to teaching drill and ceremony?
Step-by-step, Talk-through, By-the-numbers
Most drill commands are composed of how many parts?
What are the two parts of most drill commands?
The preparatory command, the command of execution.
Describe cadence?
The uniform step and rhythm in marching.
Describe a rank
A line that is one element in depth
What is a file?
A column that has a front of one element.
What is an interval?
The lateral distance between elements.
Define distance?
The space between elements either in a column or file.
Describe a drill command?
It is an oral order of the leader or commander.
On what foot is the command halt given?
The left foot.
Do all steps start from the left foot from halt?
Which marching step does not begin on the left foot?
Right step march
What person in a platoon is never out of step?
The person marching the element
How is open ranks march executed?
The first rank takes two steps forward, The second rank takes one step forward, The third rank stands fast, The fourth rank takes two steps backward
How is close ranks march executed?
The first rank takes four steps backwards, The second rank takes two steps back, The third rank stands fast, The fourth rank takes one step forward
Who is responsible for the appearance and training of the unit color guard?
The Command Sergeant Major.
Describe the first commands of a morning formation?
They are fall in and receive the report.
What is the only command given from inspection arms?
Ready, Port arms.
What are the two types of platoon formations?
Column and line formations.
Describe the five rests executed from the halt position?
At ease, stand at ease, rest, parade rest, and fall out.
Describe how the halt command is executed during a left or right step march?
It is a two count command with the preparatory command given when the heels are together, and the command of execution given on the next step when the heels are together.
How many steps should separate platoons in a company formation?
Five steps.
Describe the difference between route step march and at ease march?
The only major difference between them is soldiers must remain silent during at ease march. Both marches allow personal to march out of step but maintain distance and interval.
Describe what an element is?
It can be a soldier, squad, section, platoon or company- any unit serving as a part of a larger unit.
Where is the head of the element?
It is the leading element of a column.
What is the post of a formation?
It is the correct place an officer or NCO will stand in a prescribed formation.
What is the depth of a formation?
It’s the distance from the front to the rear of a formation and includes the front and rear element.
What is a directive?
An oral order given by a commander to direct or cause a subordinate leader or lead element to take an action.
What is a flank?
The right or left side of a formation.
What is a cordon?
A line of soldiers to honor a dignitary upon entering or exiting from a place or vehicle.
Describe the base of a formation?
It is the element on which movements are planned or regulated.
What command revokes a preparatory command?
As you were.
What is inflection?
It’s the rise and fall in pitch and the tone changes in the voice.
On what side of the body are sabers and swords worn?
The left side.
Who wears sabers?
Officers while participating in ceremonies with troops under arms or as directed.
Who wears swords?
Platoon sergeants or 1SG while participating in ceremonies with troops under arms, or as directed.
What is the basic difference between a saber and a sword?
The toe of a saber is slightly curved while the toe of a sword is straight.
What are the four prescribed formations for a company?
Company in line with platoons in line, Company in line with platoons in column, Company in line with platoon in line, Company mass formation
Should a soldier raise the left arm in order to obtain correct interval whaen the command is dress right dress?
What is the command to avoid an obstacle in the line of march?
Incline around_________
How many degrees should the head turn in an eyes right?
45 degrees
Does everybody turn there head during an eyes right?
No, the right file remains looking forward.
What command brings you back to attention from a route step march?
Quick time march.
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