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gaining an electron
reduction
3-carbon end-product of glycolysis
pyruvate
type of phosphorylation which involves the direct transfer of phosphate from one molecule to another
substrate-level
final electron acceptor for the electron transport chain
oxygen
energy currency of the cell
ATP
type of fermentation performed by yeast when oxygen is not present
alcohol
when an enzyme in a pathway is prevented from working by the product of the last reaction
feedback inhibition
pathway occurs in the matrix of the mitochondrion
Krebs Cycle
losing an electron
oxidation
type of fermentation performed by muscle cells when oxygen is not present
lactic acid
metabolic pathway, which makes a small amount of ATP, occurs in the cytoplasm of a cell
glycolysis
important electron carrierĀ  molecule which carries electrons to the ETC
NADH
metabolic pathway which regenerates NAD+ and keeps glycolysis going when oxygen is not present
fermentation
proteinĀ  complex embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane which phosphorylates ADP to make ATP
ATP synthase
establishes the proton gradient needed for oxidative phosphorylation
Electron Transport Chain
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