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-ule
small
-manometer
instrument to measure pressure
-sclerosis
hardening
-stenosis
narrowing
Anemia
Condition where there is insufficient levels of hemoglobin in RBC
Aneurysm
A ballooning or abnormal weakening of the wall of an artery
angi/o
vessel
Angioplasty
The surgical repair of a vessel; usually performed to unblock coronary arteries
Antecubital space
Most common site for Venipuncture; at joint of elbow where 4 veins are accessible
Arrhythmia
Irregular heartbeat, disturbance of electrical activity of the heart
arteri/o
artery
Arteriosclerosis
Hardening of the arteries caused by build up of calcium salts
ather/o
fatty substance
Atherosclerosis
Narrowing of the artery caused by fatty plaque build up
Atria
Upper chambers of the heart
AV Node
Atrioventricular node; called the gatekeeper
Basilic Vein
Vein located on the inside of the antecubital space
Bicuspid Valve
Also called the mitral valve; located between left atrium and ventricle
brady-
slow
Bradycardia
Heartbeat below 60 BPM
CAD
Coronary Artery Disease; insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle
Capillaries
Microscopic vessels that are bridges between the arterioles and venules, where gas exchange occurs
cardi/o
heart
Cardiomyopathy
Disease of the heart muscle, myocardium
Cephalic Vein
Vein on the outer side of the antecubital space
CPR
CardioPulmonary Resuscitation
cyan/o
blue
Cyanosis
Condition in which mucous membranes look blue due to lack of O2
Diastolic BP
Pressure recorded in the artery as the left ventricle relaxes
ECG, EKG
ElectroCardioGram; non invasive procedure performed to record the electrical activity of the heart
ECHO
Echocardiogram; ultrasound of the heart
Electrolytes
Medical term for salts such as potassium, sodium, and chloride; hold an electrical charge
Endocarditis
Inflammation of the lining of the heart muscle
Endocardium
Inner lining of the heart
ESR
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate;lavender tube, performed when the physician is looking for non specific inflammation
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells
Fibrillation
Serious arrhythmia
Flutter
Atria beats rapidly but in a regular pattern
Gray Top Tubes
Contains sodium fluoride; used for glucose testing
Green Top Tubes
Contain heparin; used for stat chemistry testing
Heart Murmur
Condition in which the valve allows the backflow of blood in the heart
Hematology
The study of blood
Hematopoiesis
The formation of blood
Hemoglobin
A protein that attaches oxygen to the RBC
Hemostasis
Stoppage of bleeding
Holter Monitor
A 24 hour ambulatory EKG; patient keeps a diary
HTN
Hypertension; high blood pressure
Hypotension
Low blood pressure
Lavender/Purple Top Tubes
Contains EDTA; collects whole blood, used to perform Sed rate, CBC
Leads
Sensors attached to patient to record EKG
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