by gunnar


keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
Active Directory writes the transaction to a transaction directory located in memory on the server.
False
Online defragmentation is an automatic process that occurs during the garbage collection process.
True
You must be a member of the Administrators group to launch a manual backup.
False
Performance objects contain performance counters that are associated with the category that you want to monitor.
True
To assist you with obtaining more detailed information in the event logs, you can set the event logs to record diagnostic information specific to processes related to Active Directory.
True
What is responsible for managing changes to the Active Directory database?
Extensible Storage Engine

Active Directory is a database based on the Extensible Storage Engine (ESE) format. The ESE is responsible for managing changes to the Active Directory database.
Changes in Active Directory are referred to as __________.
transactions

Changes are referred to as transactions. Transactions can contain more than one change, such as the addition of a new object and the modification of an existing object’s properties.
Active Directory writes transactions to the __________ log file.
transaction

Active Directory writes the transaction to the Transaction log file. The default log file is named edb.log. The log file allows the transaction to be stored until it can be written to the actual database.
What manual process defragments the Active Directory database in addition to reducing its size?
offline defragmentation

Offline defragmentation is a manual process that defragments the Active Directory database in addition to reducing its size. Performing an offline defragmentation is not considered to be a regular maintenance task. You should only perform an offline defragmentation if you need to recover a significant amount of disk space.
To back up Active Directory, you must install what feature from the Server Manager console?
Windows Server Backup

To back up Active Directory, you must install the Windows Server Backup feature from the Server Manager console.
What new command-line and task-based scripting technology is included with Windows Server 2008?
Windows PowerShell
Server Backup does not support the use of which type of backup media
magnetic tape

Windows Server Backup supports the use of CD and DVD drives as backup destinations, but does not support magnetic tapes as backup media. Additionally, you cannot perform backups to dynamic volumes.
Which backup type will update each file’s backup history and clear the Application log files?
VSS full backup

The VSS full backup type will update each file’s backup history and clear Application Log files.
What is the command-line component of the Windows Server Backup snap-in?
wbadmin

Windows Server 2008 allows several different restoration methods depending on the goals for your restore. You can use wbadmin, which is the command-line component of the Windows Server Backup snap-in.
What type of restore will restore Active Directory objects with their original Update Sequence Number (USN), which is the number that each domain controller assigns to every transaction that is either originated on the DC or replicated in from another domain controller?
nonauthoritative restore

A nonauthoritative restore of Active Directory restores a single Active Directory domain controller to its state before the backup. A nonauthoritative restore will restore Active Directory objects with their original Update Sequence Number (USN), which is the number that each domain controller assigns to every transaction that is either originated on the DC or replicated in from another domain controller.
To perform a System State restore in Windows Server 2008, you will boot the DC into what mode?
Directory Services Restore

To perform a System State restore in Windows Server 2008, you will boot the DC into Directory Services Restore Mode and then use the wbadmin command-line utility.




What tool in Windows Server 2008 allows you to collect real-time information on your local computer or from a specific computer to which you have permissions?



Reliability and Performance Monitor







The Reliability and Performance Monitor is a tool located within the Administrative Tools folder. Reliability and Performance Monitor in Windows Server 2008 allows you to collect real-time information on your local computer or from a specific computer to which you have permissions. This information can be viewed in a number of different formats that include charts, graphs, and histograms.



What are the specific processes or events that you want to track in the Reliability and Performance Monitor?
performance counters

Performance objects contain performance counters associated with the category that you want to monitor. Performance counters are the specific processes or events that you want to track.
Configuring Active Directory diagnostic event logging requires that you edit what registry key?
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Diagnostics

Configuring Active Directory diagnostic event logging requires that you edit the registry. The following key contains the additional areas that can be logged into the Directory Service log: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Diagnostics.
What logging setting should you use if Minimal logging is not producing sufficient error messages to allow you to troubleshoot a particular issue?
Basic

The basic logging level setting records slightly more detailed information than the lowest level. Use this setting if Minimal logging is not producing sufficient error messages to allow you to troubleshoot a particular issue.
What command-line tool can analyze the state of the domain controllers in the forest or enterprise and report any problems to assist in troubleshooting?
dcdiag

The dcdiag command-line tool can analyze the state of the domain controllers in the forest or enterprise and report any problems to assist in troubleshooting.
The Reliability and Performance Monitor uses categories called performance __________ to organize the items that can be monitored.
objects

The Reliability and Performance Monitor uses categories to organize the items that can be monitored, which are referred to as performance objects.
What in the event log is indicated by a red circle with an X on it?
stop error

In the Type field of any of the log files in Event Viewer, you should monitor and filter events that indicate a warning or stop error. A warning is indicated by a yellow triangle with an exclamation mark, and a stop error is indicated by a red circle with an X on it.
If you find yourself in a position where you need to restore an object or container within Active Directory that has been inadvertently deleted, you need to perform what type of restore?
authoritative restore

If you find yourself in a position in which you need to restore an object or container within Active Directory that has been inadvertently deleted, you will need to perform an authoritative restore. A normal restore will not be sufficient in this case because a normal restore will allow post-restore updates to be replicated into the restored DC.
In Windows Server 2008, you must back up __________ rather than only backing up the System State data.
critical volumes






Windows Server 2008 does not back up or recover System State data in the same way as servers that run Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server 2000. In Windows Server 2008, you must back up critical volumes rather than only backing up the System State data.



The transaction __________ stores data in server RAM before it is actually written to the server’s hard drive so that all data in the transaction can be written to disk at once.
buffer
Active Directory writes a transaction to the Transaction log file whose default log file is named __________.
edb.log
The garbage collection process runs by default every __________ hours on all domain controllers in the forest.
12
Scheduled backups will reformat the target drive that hosts the backup files and thus can only be performed on a local physical drive that does not host any __________ volumes.
critical
A(n) __________ restore of Active Directory restores a single Active Directory domain controller to its state before the backup.
nonauthoritative
An Update __________ Number is the number that each domain controller assigns to every transaction that is either originated on the DC or replicated in from another domain controller
Sequence
The __________ and Performance Monitor in Windows Server 2008 allows you to collect real-time information on your local computer or from a specific computer to which you have permissions.
Reliability
The __________ logging level logs all events, including debug strings and configuration changes.
Internal
The command-line component of the Windows Server Backup snap-in is __________.
wbadmin
Select the __________ backup type if you will be using a third-party backup tool in addition to Windows Server Backup.
Copy
What is responsible for managing changes to the Active Directory database?
Extensible Storage Engine
What term is used to identify the categories used in the Reliability and Performance Monitor?
performance objects
Events related to Active Directory are recorded in what log?
Directory Service log
What logging level should be used to start an investigation when you do not know the location of the problem?
Minimal
What is a reference to an attribute within another object that will also need to be restored with the object?
back-link
What type of file is used as a reference for database information written to disk?
checkpoint file
Online defragmentation is an automatic process that occurs during what process?
garbage collection
What new command-line and task-based scripting technology is included with Windows Server 2008?
Windows PowerShell
What is the difference between an online and offline defragmentation?
Online defragmentation is an automatic process that occurs during the garbage collection process. The advantage of an online defragmentation is that it occurs automatically and does not require the server to be offline to run. An online defragmentation does not reduce the actual size of the Active Directory database. Offline defragmentation is a manual process that defragments the Active Directory database in addition to reducing its size. Performing an offline defragmentation is not considered to be a regular maintenance task.
What two types of backup does Windows Server 2008 support?
manual backup and scheduled backup
What is an Update Sequence Number?
A USN is the number that each domain controller assigns to every transaction that is either originated on the DC or replicated in from another domain controller.




How are performance objects and performance counters related?



The Reliability and Performance Monitor uses categories to organize the items that can be monitored. These categories are referred to as performance objects. Performance objects contain performance counters that are associated with the category that you want to monitor. Performance counters are the specific processes or events that you want to track.
What logging levels can be configured for logging Active Directory events?
None, Minimal, Basic, Extensive, Verbose, Internal
What does System State data include?
System State data includes operating system-specific information needed for installed services and operating system components to function.
In the event of a domain controller failure, what two restore options are available?

Ans: nonauthoritative and authoritative
Difficulty: Easy
Section Ref: Maintaining Active Directory
nonauthoritative and authoritative
x of y cards Next >|