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Windows operating systems prior to Windows 3.1 used NetBIOS names to identify the computers on the network.
False
The NS resource record identifies the name server that is the authority for the particular zone or domain.
True
In an iterative query, the DNS server receiving the name resolution request takes full responsibility for resolving the name.
False
You can use forwarders to limit the number of servers that transmit name resolution queries through the firewall to the Internet.
True
A secondary zone is a copy of a primary zone that contains SOA and NS resource records, plus the Host (A) resource records that identify the authoritative servers for the zone.
False
What is the name resolution mechanism that computers use for all Internet communications and for private networks that use the Active Directory domain services included with Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, and Windows 2000 Server?
DNS
What represents the computer’s IP address in applications and other references?
host name
Which of the following is not a column of the host table?
distinguished name
What has direct access to at least one name server and can also process referrals to direct its queries to other name servers when necessary?
resolver
What resource record identifies which name server is the authoritative source of information for data within this domain?
Start of Authority (SOA)
What resource record provides the name-to-IP-address mappings that DNS name servers use to perform name resolution?
Host (A)
What resource record is the functional opposite of the A record, providing an IP address-to-name mapping for the system identified in the Name field using the in-addr.arpa domain name?
Pointer (PTR)
What are the highest-level DNS servers in the entire namespace
root name server
What is the process by which one DNS server sends a name resolution request to another DNS server?
referral
In what type of query does the server that receives the name resolution request immediately respond to the requester with the best information it possesses?
iterative
What DNS server contains no zones and hosts no domains?
caching-only server
What DNS server receives queries from other DNS servers that are explicitly configured to send them?
forwarder
What type of zone contains the master copy of the zone database in which administrators make all changes to the zone’s resource records?
primary zone
What type of zone forwards or refers requests to the appropriate server that hosts a primary zone for the selected query?
stub zone
What can be configured to enable enterprise-wide NetBIOS name resolution for your clients and servers?
WINS
What Windows Server 2008 service can you use to protect sensitive data on a Windows network?
AD RMS
What role allows administrators to configure Single Sign-On (SSO) for Web-based applications across multiple organizations without requiring users to remember multiple usernames and passwords?
AD FS
In terms of AD FS, what organizations contain the user accounts that are accessing the resources controlled by resource organizations, similar to a trusted domain in a traditional Windows trust relationship?
account organizations
What will forward queries selectively based on the domain specified in the name resolution request?
conditional forwarder
What type of zone is a read-only copy of the data that is stored within a primary zone on another server?
secondary zone
Starting with Windows 2000, Windows operating system releases rely on Active Directory and __________ instead of NetBIOS names.
DNS
In its most basic form, the DNS name resolution process consists of a(n) __________ submitting a name resolution request to its designated DNS server.
resolver
The __________ record is the fundamental data storage unit in all DNS servers.
resource
At the top of the domain hierarchy are the __________ name servers, which are the highest-level DNS servers in the entire namespace
root
One mechanism that can speed up the DNS name resolution process is __________ caching
name
A(n) __________ is a DNS server that receives queries from other DNS servers that are explicitly configured to send them.
 forwarder
A(n) __________ zone is a read-only copy of the data that is stored within a primary zone on another server.
secondary
The Windows Server 2008 DNS Server supports __________ zone transfer, which is a revised DNS zone transfer process for intermediate changes.
incremental
In AD FS, __________ organizations contain the user accounts that are accessing the resources controlled by resource organizations, similar to a trusted domain in a traditional Windows trust relationship.
account
To run AD FS, the Active Directory domain must be at the Windows Server __________ domain functional level or better.
2003
What is the name resolution mechanism that computers use for all Internet communications and for private networks that use the Active Directory domain services included with Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, and Windows 2000 Server?
Domain Name System
What friendly name represents the computer’s IP address in applications and other references?
host name
What resource record is the functional opposite of the A record, providing an IP address-to-name mapping for the system identified in the Name field using the in-addr.arpa domain name?
Pointer (PTR)
What resource record enables clients to locate servers that are providing a particular service?
Service Record (SRV)
In what type of query does the DNS server receiving the name resolution request take full responsibility for resolving the name?
recursive query
What type of zone is a copy of a primary zone that contains SOA and NS resource records, plus the Host (A) resource records that identify the authoritative servers for the zone?
stub zone
What feature is used for Web-based applications across multiple organizations and allows users to authenticate without requiring users to remember multiple usernames and passwords?
Single Sign-on (SSO)
What service allows you to route authentication requests from user accounts in one organization to Web-based application resources in another?
AD FS Federation Services
What are the three columns found in the host table?
IP Address, Host Name, and Comments
DNS consists of what three elements?
DNS namespace, name servers, and resolvers
What two types of name resolution queries does DNS support, and how do they differ?
DNS supports recursive and iterative queries. In a recursive query, the DNS server receiving the name resolution request takes full responsibility for resolving the name. If the server possesses information about the requested name, it replies immediately to the requester. If the server has no information about the name, it sends referrals to other DNS servers until it obtains the information it needs. In an iterative query, the server that receives the name resolution request immediately responds to the requester with the best information it possesses. This information can be cached or authoritative, and it can be a resource record containing a fully resolved name or a reference to another DNS server.
What are the three types of DNS zones?
primary zone, secondary zone, and stub zone
What is the Active Directory Rights Management Service (AD RMS)?
Active Directory Rights Management Service (AD RMS) is a Windows Server 2008 service that you can use to protect sensitive data on a Windows network. In particular, it enables owners of data stored within RMS-capable applications (such as word processing or spreadsheet applications) to control who can open, modify, or print a document and even who can print or forward confidential email messages.
An AD FS configuration consists of what two types of organizations?
resource organizations and account organizations
What is a forwarder?
A forwarder is a DNS server that receives queries from other DNS servers that are explicitly configured to send them.
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