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Cerebral hemispheres
Most superior portion of the brain
Most superior portion of the brain
cerebrial hemispheres
Describe to obvious features of the cerebrum

  • gyri - ridges of tissue

  • sulci - grooves between the gyri

Ridges of tissue seen on the surface of the cerebrum
gyri
Grooves between gyri seen on the surface of the cerebrum
sulci
Groves deeper than sulci
fissures
The cerebral hemispheres are divided by a single deep fissue, the ________ _______
longitudinal fissue
Name for the structure that divides the frontal lobe from the parietal
central sulcus
Name for the structure that divides the temporal love from the parietal lobe
lateral sulcus
central sulcus
divides the frontal from parietal lobes
lateral sulcus
divides the temporal from the parietal lobes
Parieto-occipital sulcus
divides the occipital from the parietal (not visible externally)
Structure that divides the occipital from the parietal (not visible externally)
parieto-occipital sulcus

not visible externally
Name the five lobes of the cerebrum

  • frontal

  • parietal

  • temporal

  • occipital

  • insula

Where is the insula found
burried deep in the lateral sulcus
Where is the primary somatosensory cortex located
postcentral gyrus of the parietal lobe
What is lovated in the postcentral gyrus of the parietal lobe
primary somatosensory cortex
Where is the primary somatosensory association area
right behind the postcentral gyri of the parietal lobe
What is located in the gyri right behind the postcentral gyri of the parietal lobe
somatosensory associate area
Where is the seat of taste
Insula
What sensory function is located in the insula
taste
Seat of vision
posterior portion of the occipital lobe
What is processed in the posterior portion of the occipital lobe
vision
Seat of hearing
temporal lobe
What sensory processing is done in the temporal lobe
hearing
What region is the seat of smell
deep in temporal lobe (uncus)
What is processed deep in the temporal lobe (uncus)
smell
Primary motor area
precentral gyrus of the frontal lobe
What is processed in the precentral gyrus of the frontal lobe
Primary motor area
Name two sections responsible for speech and where they are located
Broca''s Area and Wenicke''s area... temporal lobe of the left hemisphere
Explain the function of Broca''s area
Word articulation
Word articulation occures in what area
Broca''s area
Sounding out of words ocures in what area
Wernicke''s area
Explain the function of Wernicke''s are
Sounding out of unfamiliar words
Prefrontal cortex functions
intellect, complex reasoning, personality
Seat of intellect, complex reasoning, personaily
prefrontal cortex
Where is the prefrontal cortex
anterior portion of the frontal lobe
Left brain specialties
Language skills and speech
Right brain specialties
abstract, conceptual or spatial processes - artistic or creative pursuits
What is the cerebral cortex
Outermost gray metter of the cerebrum - cell bodies of cerebran neurons
Outermost gray matter of the cerebrum - cell bodies of cerebran neurons
Cerebral cortex
Cerebral white matter is composed of ...
fiber tracts carrying impulses to and from the brain
Cerebral gray matter is composed of...
neural cell bodies
Diencephalon
The most superior portion of the brainstem, but also can be considered part of the forebrain.
The most superior portion of the brainstem, but also can be considered part of the forebrain.
Diencephalon
Portion of the brain containing olfactory bulbs, tracts, optic nerves, optic tracts, pituitary gland and mammillary bodies
diencephalon
Name the brain stem structures

  • (diencephalon)

  • cerebral peduncles

  • pons

  • medulla oblongata

cerebral peduncles
fiber tracts in the midbrain that connect the pons below with the cerbrum above
fiber tracts in the midbrain that connect the pons below with the cerbrum above
cerebral peduncles
Name the two external portions of the olfactory area

  • olfactory bulbs

  • olfactory tracts

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