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Front Back
Abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body
Adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body
Anatomical Position
The body is in an erect or standing posture with the arms at the sides and the palms, head and feet point forward
Anterior or Ventral
Nearer to or at the front portion of the body
Anterior Rotation
Rolling the hip forward
Bi Lateral Flexion or Lateral Flexion or Side Bending
Movement in which the angle between two bones is decreased sideways
Centrifugal
A movement away from the center of the body. This term is applied to movements made from the heart, or in the direction of the arterial blood current
Centripetal
A movement toward the center of the body. In relation to massage, the term is applied to movements made in the direction of the blood current in the veins
Circular motion
When an object moves along a circumference of a circle
Circumduction
Movement of a joint in a circle
Compression
To press or squeeze a specific area to reduce in size or volume
Curvilinear motion
The moving body moves toward the same direction although the path is a curved line
Deep
Away from the surface of the body
Depression
Moving a body part inferiorly
Distal
Further away from the point of origin
Dorsi Flexion
Moving the dorsum (top of the foot) of the foot upward
Dorsum
The back; the back surface of any part
Elevation
Moving of a body part superiorly
Eversion
Movement of the sole of the foot laterally at the ankle joint
Exception
Finger or toe movements
Excursion
Moving the jaw from side to side
Extension
Movement in which the angle between two bones is increased
External
Located closer to the surface of the body
Flexion
Movement in which the angle between two bones is decreased
Horizontal Adduction
Movement of the arm across the chest
Horizontal Abduction
Movement of the arm away from the chest
Hyperactive Extension
When a portion of the body is extended beyond the anatomical position so that the joint angle is greater that 180°
Inferior
Away from the head or lower part of a structure
Insertion
Point of attachment for a muscle on a bone
Internal
Located away from the surface of the body
Inversion
Movement of the sole of the foot medially at the ankle joint
Isometric Contraction
Muscular contraction in which tension is developed but no mechanical work is done. There is no appreciable joint movement and the overall length of the muscle stays the same.
Isotonic Contraction
A concentric or eccentric muscular contraction that results in movement of a joint or body part, as in lifting a weight
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body
Lateral Rotation or External Rotation
The anterior surface of the distal segment moves outwards
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