by lena


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Task Functions
  • initiating
  • seeking information or opinions
  • giving information or opinions
  • clarifying
  • elaborating
  • summarizing
  • testing agreement(asks for opinions to find out if group is nearing a decision, sees how near agreement group is, rewards progress.)
Maintenance Functions
  • encouraging
  • expressing feelings
  • harmonizing
  • compromisin
  • facilitating comunication
  • setting standards or goals
  • testing agrement
  • following
"group"
a collection of individuals whose association is based on shared commonalities of interest, vause, norms and purpose.
"group dynamics"
The interactions within a group that influence the group's development and process.
Functions of a Group:
  • Socialization
  • Support
  • Task Completion
  • Camraderie
  • Informational
  • Normative
  • Empowerment
  • Governence
Types of Groups:
Psychoeducational
Teaching groups formed to convey knowledge.
Types of Groups:
Supportive/ Therapy Groups
Groups formed to prevent future upsets thorugh development of effective coping methods.
Types of Groups:
Psychotherapy
Groups that treat emotional problems.
Types of Groups:
Self-help Groups
Groups that do not explore psychodynamic issues.
Types of Groups:
General
Groups that meet to do business, staff/case conference, etc.
Group Psychotherapy/ Psychoeducation
Has sound theoretical base; leaders with advanced degree.
Therapeutic Groups
Decreased theoretical base, , focus on relations/ gorup interactions; leaders with some background experience, BSN nurses.
Self- Help Groups
Comprised of individuals with similar problems; may or may not have professional leader
Phases of Group Development:
  1. initiation/orientation
  2. working
  3. mature
  4. termination
Curative Factors of Groups:
  • instillation of hope
  • universality
  • imparting of information
  • altruism
  • corrective experience
  • development of a socializing technique
  • imitative behavior
  • interpersonal learning
  • group cohesiveness
  • catharsis
  • existential
Individual Roles Seen in Groups:
  • the aggressor/ agitator
  • the blocker
  • the dominator
  • the help- seeker
  • the playboy
  • the recognition- seeker
  • the self- confessor
  • the special- interested
  • the martyr
  • the princess/ diva
Thibaut & Kelley Analysis:
Attraction: refers to dgree to which group members like being in a group and see it as a "good fit" for them.

Dependence: degree to which member feels dependent on or "in need of" a group because don't have equally attractive groups he/ she coud join.
Thibaut & Kelley: Type A
member likes group, percieves need to be at that particular group, has no great resistance/ resentment; conforms with group.
Thibaut & Kelley: Type B
member likes group but does not percieve a need to be in that particualr group, more able to resist group pressure, does not need to resent group.
Thibaut & Kelley: Type C
Member does not like group and percieves need to be at that group; harbors much resentment and stuck in group not to his/ her liking.
Thibaut & Kelley: Type D
member does not like group, doesn't perceive need to be there; is apathetic and has no enthusiasm.
Sociometric Star:
member chosen as most liked member of group; very influential member.
Social Isolate:
member who is alienated from group.
Power bases of a group:
Representative
represents group, elected by group
Power bases of group: Expert
percieved as knowledgable
Power bases of group: referent
well- respected
Power bases of group: legitimate
appointed leader/ paid staff
Power bases of group: Reward
evaluates, rewards members, looks after friends
Power bases of group: coercive
abolishes enemies, dominates, brings about power by force or threat
member with idiosyncratic credit:
them member who has built up a higher status in the group and can deviate from the norms with impunity compared with member of lesser status.
Group Content:
consists of major themes expressed in group.
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