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A story in which people, things and events have another meaning
allegory
Multiple meanings a literary work may communicate, especially two meanings that are incompatible
ambiguity
direct address, usually to someone or something that is not present
apostrophe
the implications of a word or phrase as opposed to its eact meaning (denotation)
connotation
a device of style or subject matter so often used that it becomes a recognized means of expression
convention
The dictionary meaning of a word
denotation
Expllicityly instructive
Didactic
The use of material unrelated to the subject of the wok
digression
A pithy saying, often using contrast. Verse form, ususlaly brief and pointed
epigram
A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness, such as deceased for dead
euphemism
characterized by distoritions or incongruities
grotesque
deliberate exaggeration, overstatement
hyperbole
the special language of a profession or group
jargon
not figurativel accurate to the letter; matter of fact
literal
songlike; charaterized by emotion, subjectivity and imagination
lyrical
A combination of opposities; the union of contradictory terms
oxymoron
a story designed to suggest a principle, illustrate a moral or answer a question
parable
a statement that seems to be self-contradicting but in fact is true
paradox
A composition that imitates the style of another composition normally for comic effect
parody
A figurative use of language that endows the nonhuman (ideas, inanimate objects, animals, abstractions) with human characteristics
personification
A quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can trust
reliability
A question asked for effect not in expectation of a reply. no reply is expected because the question presupposes the possible answer
rhetorical question
A speech in which a character who is alone speaks his or her thoughts aloud
soliloquy
A conventional pattern, expression or chatracter or idea.
sterotype
a form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them
syllogism
The theme, meaning or position that a writer undertakes to prove or support
thesis
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, normally a the beginning of words
alliteration
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds
assonance
A four-line stanza rhymed abcb with four feet in lines one and three and three fet in lines two and four
ballad meter
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
blank verse
A metrical foot of three syllables, an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
dactyl
A line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a period, commoa, colon, semicolon, exclamatiopn point, or question mark are end-stopped lines
end-stopped
poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical
free verse
two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc, with the thought usually completed in the two line unit
heroic couplet
a line containing six feet
hexameter
a two syllable foot with an unaccented sylllable followed by an accented syllable
Iamb
Rhyme that occurs within a line rather than at the end
internal rhyme
The use of words whose sound suggests their meaning, buzz, hiss
onomatopeia
a line containing five feet
pentameter
a seven line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc
rhyme royal
normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter peom, Rhymed abba, abba, cde, cde,
sonnet
usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme
stanza
a three line stanza rhymed aba bcb cdc
terza rima
a line of four feet
tetrameter
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