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Baroque Era
1600-1750
Octave
interval spanning 8 notes of scale
half steps
12 equal tunes
help build major and minor scales
microtone
interval smaller than half step
chromatic scale
made up of 12 half steps
(C, C sharp, D, D sharp)
diatonic scale
built on patterns of sseven whole and half steps
(major and minor scales)
(use letter one time)
tonality/key
scale on which piece of music is based on
-became adopted in Baroque Era

3 strongrest chords
-dominant
-sub dominant
-tonic


90% of music is based on these 3 chords
dominant
5th scale degree

-active-
sub dominant
4th note degree

-4th note-
tonic
1st scale degree

-most at rest
pentatonic
most common 5 note scale
modulation
changing key in middle of composition

from home key to related key, perhaps dominant
transposition
chnaging key of the composition

can sing song in differrent voice ranges
collegium musicum
university group of music(still functions in many cmapuses)
polyphony in baroque era
getting away from polyphony
Monody
new homophonic-one song

solo voice with instrumental accompainment
figured bass
kind of numeral noation above or below note indicating chord required
basso continuo
2 instrumentalists who played the accompainment

1. bass line- basson or choral

2. choral instrument - organ or lute
word painting
using words to paint or point a picture or view
equal temperament
tuning adjusted to equalize tuning between tones mathematically the invertals within the octave
Doctrine of the affections
accepted practice of the compositions only express one emotion

union of text and music
recitative secco
"dry" accompained by continou instrument moving with great freedom
antonio vivaldi
virtuoso violinist
castrato
male singer who is castrated during boyhood in order to preserve the soprano or alto register at his voice for the rest of his life
exoticism
when a composer from one country writes about something in another country
opera
new gengre of baroque era
large scale musci drama that combines poetry acting, scenery and costumes w/singing and instrumental music
recetatives
speechlike declamtions of text

between speaking and singing
recitative accompagnato
speechlike accompianed by orchestra
aria
song- "air" releases emotional through melody

da capo aria
back to top A-B-A
form brings back to first section
ensemble
group of singers singing together
overture
instrumental preludes to the opera
(heard at begining by orchestra)
sionfonias
instrumnetal interlude in between secenes
liberetrist
writes texts of work
arioso style
between aria and recitative
montivertti
started with strings

(HEART OF ORCHESTRA)
targedie lyrique
opera in france made in ballet and chorouses
masque
opera in england vocal instrumental poetry and dance
ground bass/ostinato
a repeasted idea that descends along the chromatic scale symbolizing grief in baroque
liberetto
text or script of opera
opera seria
serious italian opera dramatic works projected heroic/tragic subjects
cantata
"to sing" for 1 or more solo vocalists w/instrumental  accompainment

based on secular poetry
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