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ankylosis
the loss or absence, of mobility in a joint due to disease, injury, or a surgical procedure. (ankyl means crooked, bent, or stiff)
arthralgia
pain in a joint
arthrosclerosis
stiffness of the joints, especially in the elderly
Bursitis
an inflammation of a bursa
chondroma
a slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells
chondromalacia
the abnormal softening of the cartilage
hallux valgus
(aka bunion) an abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
hemarthrosis
Blood within a joint space. Occurs after trauma to a joint but also make occur in patients receiving blood-thinning medications or with blood clotting disorders
synovitis
inflammation of the synovial membrane that results in swelling and pain of the affected joint
osteoarthritis
(aka wear-and-tear arthritis) associated with aging.
gouty arthritis
(aka gout) a type of arthritis caused by an excess of uric acid in the body occurs as episodes of sudden, severe attacks of pain and tenderness, redness, warmth, and swelling in the affected joints
rheumatoid arthritis
an autoimmune disorder in which the symptoms are generalized and usually more severe that those of osteoarthritis the synovial membranes are inflamed and thickened
ankylosing spondylitis
a form of rheumatoid arthritis characterized by progressive stiffening of hte spine due to the fusion of the vertebral bodies ankylosing means the progressive stiffening of a joint or joints spondylitis means the inflammation of the vertebrae
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
(aka juvenile idiopathic arthritis) symptoms include pain and swelling in the joints, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue
herniated disk
(aka ruptured disk) the breaking apart of an intervertebral disk that results in pressure on spinal nerve roots
lumbago
(aka lower back pain) pain of the lumbar region of the spine
spondylolisthesis
the slipping forward movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebra on the vertebra below it, or on the sacrum
spondylosis
any degenerative disorder that may cause loss of normal spinal structure and function
spina bifida
the congenital defect that occurs during pregnancy in which the spinal canal fails to close around the spinal cord
kyphosis
an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side (aka humpback)
lordosis
an abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine
scoliosis
an abnormal lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine
craniostenosis
a malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures
ostealgia
pain in a bone
osteitis
inflammation of bone
osteomalacia
(aka adult rickets) abnormal softening of bones in adults that is usually caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcum, or phosphate
osteomyelitis
an inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone
osteonecrosis
the destruction and death of bone tissue caused by an insufficient blood supply, infection, malignancy, or trauma
paget's disease
(aka osteitis deformans) a disease of unknown cause that is characterized by extensive bone destruction followed by abnormal bone repair as the disease progresses, the bones become deformed and weakened and may bend or break easily
periostitis
an inflammation of the periosteum
rickets
occurs in children, a disorder involving softening and weakening of the bones primarily caused by lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate
talipes
(aka clubfoot) a congenital deformity in which the foot is turned outward or inward involves the talus bone of the ankle
osteoporosis
marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging
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