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Discuss the concept of ORM
decision making tool used by personnel at all levels to increase operational effectiveness by identifying, assesing and managing risks

minimize risk to acceptable levels
Explain the following as they apply to ORM:
a. Identifying hazards
b. Assessing hazards
c. Making risk decisions
d. Implementing controls
e. Supervising
A. Identify Hazards - list all hazards with each step in the operational  analysis along with possbile causes for those hazards
B. Assesing Hazards - for each hazard, determine the degree of risk with probability and severity
C. Make Risk Decisions - determine if the benefit ouweighs the risk
D. Implement Controls - used to eliminate hazards or reduce risk.
E. Supervising - follow up to ensure controls stay in place and remain in effect.
State the instruction that governs safety and mishap reporting
OPNAVISNT 5102.1D - Navy and Marine Corps Mishap and Safety Investigation, Reporting and Record keeping manual.
Define hazard severity and discuss the 4 categories of hazard severity.
hazard severity:  assesment of the worst possible consequence that can occur as a result of a harzard

CAT I - Death or grave damage to national interests
CAT II - Severe injury or damage, degredation of efficient use of assets.
CAT III - Minor injury, property damage, or degredation
CAT IV - Minimal threat to personnel safety or health and property
Define mishap probability and describe the 4 subcategories of mishap probability.
Probability that a hazard results in a mishap or loss based on assessment

SUB CAT A  - likely to occur immediately and expected to occur frequently
 
SUB CAT B - probably will occur in time, expected to occur several times

SUB CAT C - may occur in time, can resonably be expected to occur sometime to and individual

SUB CAT D - unlikely to occur
Define RAC and list the 5 RAC’s
Risk Assessment Code - an expression of risk that combines the elements of hazard severity and mishap probability

1. Critical
2. Serious
3. Moderate
4. Minor
5. Negligible
Discuss the timeliness and means for filing mishap investigations reports
Notify the chain of command w/in 8 hours of incident by telephone or electronic means. OPREP 3, personnel casualty report, serious incident report, ammunition malfunction reports, web-enabled safety system
Name the 4 required mishap reportable items
State the purpose of a HAZREP message
Hazard Report - unit disconvering a hazardous condition supplies HAZREP to COMNAVSAFECEN and HQMC when appropriate.
State the three objectives of first aid
1 Save Life
2 Prevent Further Injury
3 Limit Infection
State the three methods of controlling bleeding
direct pressure
indirect pressure
constricting bands
Identify the 11 pressure points
chin
shoulder
upper arm
wrist
inner thigh
temple
lower arm
thigh
lower leg
foot/ankle
Describe the symptoms and treatment for shock
Symptoms: weak rapid pulse, shallow breathing, cool skin, dialated pupils, thirst, feelings of weakness
 
Treatment: keep victim laying down and warm on back with feet slightly elevated
State the difference between an open and closed fracture
open: bone protrudes through the skin
closed: bone is broken under the skin and skin remains intact
15 Describe the procedures necessary for the following as applied to electrical shock:
a. Personnel rescue
b. Treatment
A. Rescue: do not touch the person directly. Do not touch wires. turn off electricity or remove with dry non-conductive material
B. Treatment: administer CPR, artificial ventilation, and necessary first aid.
Describe the methods for clearing an obstructed airway.
hemlich maneuver, finger sweep, pat on the back.
Describe the effects and treatment of the following temperature related injuries:
a. Hypothermia
b. Frostbite
c. Heat Stress
d. Heat Exhaustion
e. Heat Stroke
A. Hypothermia: exposure to extreme cold. Minimize heat loss from head, neck, sides and groin.
B. Frost Bite: stiff, pale or numb hands feet or face. Do NOT rub. Place affected part near warm body.
C. Heat Stress: increased body temp. Fatigue headache and nausea. Remove from heat. Hydrate.
D. Heat Exhaustion: Moist and clammy skin. Pupils dialated normal to sub normal temp. Move to cool place. Water, fan or AC. do not chill. Take to medical
E. Heat Stroke: dry hot skin. pupils constricted. Very high body temp. Take to ER ASAP!
Define the following:
a. HERO
b. HERP
c. HERF
HERO Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation of Ordnance
HERP Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation of Personnel
HERF Harzards of Electromagnetic Radiation and Voltile Material
Define HAZMAT
Hazardous Material
Discuss how to store HAZMAT
tightly sealed countainers, check for leakes, label all containers properly.
Describe potential risks of improperly labeled and stored HAZMAT
Chemical reactions from mixing. Health concerns. Explosion or fires.
Describe what an MSDS is and the information it provides
Material Safety Data Seat.
Contains information about storage, use, materials, how to dispose, physical hazards, health concerns, precautions, first aid, control measures.
Describe the general characteristics of the following PPE.
a. Respirators
b. Hand Protection
c. Foot Protection
d. Eye Protection
e. Face Protection
f. Skin/Body Protection
g. Hearing Protection
A. Respirators: filters air to prevent inhilation of hamful fumes and dust
B. Hand Protection: prevents blisters, cuts, electrocution
C. Foot Protection: steal toed boots. Prevents injury from falling objects or punctures.
D. Eye Protection: eye glasses, goggles, face shields. Prevent objects from getting in eyes
E. Face Protection: Face shields, masks, fire hoods. prevents injury from skin on face
F. Skin/body protection: prevents chemical burns
G. Hearing: ear plugs and muff. Prevents hearing loss.
State the goal of the U.S. Navy’s Hearing Conservation Program.
to prevent occupational hearing loss and assure auditory fitness for duty of all navy personnel
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