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certification mark
A mark used by one or more persons, other than the owner, to certify the region, materials, mode of manufacture, quality, or other characteristic of specific goods or services.
collective mark
A mark used by members of a cooperative, association, union, or other organization to certify the region, materials, mode of manufacture, quality, or other characteristic of specific goods or services.
copyright
The exclusive right of an author or originator of a literary or artistic production to publish, print, or sell that production for a statutory period of time. A copyright has the same monopolistic nature as a patent or trademark, but it differs in that it applies exclusively to works of art, literature, and other works of authorship (including computer programs).
cyber mark
A trademark in cyberspace.
cybersquatting
The act of registering a domain name that is the same as, or confusingly similar to, the trademark of another and then offering to sell that domain name back to the trademark owner.
distributed network
A network that can be used by persons located (distributed) around the country or the globe to share computer files.
domain name
The last part of an Internet address, such as "westlaw.edu." The top level (the part of the name to the right of the period) indicates the type of entity that operates the site ("edu" is an abbreviation for "educational"). The second level (the part of the name to the left of the period) is chosen by the entity.
intellectual property
Property resulting from intellectual, creative processes.
license
In the context of intellectual property law, an agreement permitting the use of a trademark, copyright, patent, or trade secret for certain limited purposes.
networking
The sharing of resources (such as files, hard drives, and processing styles) among multiple computers without necessarily requiring a central network server.
patent
A government grant that gives an inventor the exclusive right or privilege to make, use, or sell his or her invention for a limited time period.
peer-to-peer (P2P)
The sharing of resources (such as files, hard drives, and processing styles) among multiple computers without necessarily requiring a central network server.
service mark
A mark used in the sale or the advertising of services to distinguish the services of one person from those of others. Titles, character names, and other distinctive features of radio and television programs may be registered as service marks.
trade dress
The image and overall appearance of a product-for example, the distinctive decor, menu, layout, and style of service of a particular restaurant. Basically, trade dress is subject to the same protection as trademarks.
trade name
A term that is used to indicate part or all of a business's name and that is directly related to the business's reputation and goodwill. Trade names are protected under the common law (and under trademark law, if the name is the same as the firm's trademarked product).
trade secret
Information or processes that give a business an advantage over competitors that do not know the information or processes.
trademark
A distinctive mark, motto, device, or emblem that a manufacturer stamps, prints, or otherwise affixes to the goods it produces so that they may be identified on the market and their origins made known. Once a trademark is established (under the common law or through registration), the owner is entitled to its exclusive use.
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