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ANATOMIC POSITION
THE BODY ASSUMING THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS STANDING IN THE STANDARD POSITION (STANDING UP STRAIGHT SO THAT THE BODY IS ERECT AND FACING FORWARD, HOLDING THE ARMS AT THE SIDES WITH THE HANDS TURNED WITH THE PALMS TOWARD THE FRONT)
ANATOMY
THE STUDY OF THE STRUCTURES OF THE BODY
PHYSIOLOGY
THE STUDY OF THE FUNCTIONS OF THE STRUCTURES OF THE BODY
BODY PLANES
IMAGINARY VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL LINES USED TO DIVIDE THE BODY INTO SECTIONS FOR DESCRIPTIVE PURPOSES
VERTICAL PLANE
AN UP-AND-DOWN PLANE THAT IS A RIGHT  ANGLE TO THE HORIZON
MIDSAGITTAL PLANE
(MIDLINE) DIVIDES THE BODY INTO EQUAL LEFT AND RIGHT HALVES
SAGITTAL PLANE
VERTICAL PLANE THAT DIVIDES THE BODY INTO UNEQUAL LEFT AND RIGHT HALVES
FRONTAL PLANE
DIVIDES THE BODY INTO ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR PORTIONS
HORIZONTAL PLANE
FLAT CROSSWISE PLANE (SUCH AS THE HORIZON)
TRANSVERSE PLANE
DIVIDES THE BODY INTO SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR PORTIONS
VENTRAL
FRONT, BELLY-SIDE OF THE ORGAN OR BODY
DORSAL
BACK OF THE ORGAN OR BODY
ANTERIOR
SITUATED TO THE FRONT
POSTERIOR
SITUATED IN THE BACK
SUPERIOR
UPPERMOST, ABOVE, TOWARD THE HEAD
INFERIOR
LOWERMOST, BELOW, TOWARD THE FEET
CEPHALIC
TOWARD THE HEAD
CAUDAL
TOWARD THE LOWER PART OF THE BODY
PROXIMAL
SITUATED NEAREST THE MIDLINE OR BEGINNING OF A BODY STRUCTURE
DISTAL
SITUATED FARTHEST FROM THE MIDLINE OR BEGINNING OF A BODY STRUCTURE
MEDIAL
THE DIRECTION TOWARD OR NEARER THE MIDLINE
LATERAL
THE DIRECTION OR NEARER THE SIDE AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE
DORSAL CAVITY
LOCATED ALONG THE BACK OF THE BODY AND HEAD CONTAINS ORGANS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM THAT COORDINATE BODY FUNCTIONS
CRANIAL CAVITY
LOCATED WITH THE SKULL SURROUND AND PROTECTS THE BRAIN
SPINAL CAVITY
LOCATED WITHIN THE SPINAL CORD AND SURROUNDS AND PROTECTS THE SPINAL CORD
VENTRAL CAVITY
LOCATED ALONG THE FRONT OF THE BODY, CONTAINS THE BODY ORGANS THAT MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS
THORACIC CAVITY
( CHEST CAVITY OR THORAX) PROTECTS AND SURROUNDS THE HEART AND LUNGS
ABDOMINAL CAVITY
CONTAINS THE MAJOR ORGANS OF DIGESTION
PELVIC CAVITY
SOACE FORMED BY THE HIP BONES CONTAINS PRIMARILY THE ORGAN OF THE REPRODUCTIVE AND EXCRETORY SYSTEMS
INGUINAL
RELATING TO THE GROIN REFERS TO THE ENTIRE LOWER AREA OF THE ABDOMEN
HYPOCHONDRIAC REGION
LOCATED ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES OF THE BODY AND ARE COVERED BY THE LOWER RIBS
HOMEOSTASIS
PROCESSES THROUGH WHICH THE BODY MAINTAINS A CONSTANT INTERNAL ENVIROMENT
EPIGASTRIC REGION
LOCATED ABOVE THE STOMACH
LUMBAR REGION
LOCATED ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES NEAR THE INWARD CURVE OF THE SPINE
UMBILICAL REGION
SURROUNDS THE UMBILICUS
UMBILICUS
CENTER OF THE ABDOMINAL WALL (BELLY BUTTON)
ILIAC REGION
LOCATED ON THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES OVER THE HIP BONES
HYPOGASTRIC
BELOW THE STOMACH
PERITONEUM
MULTI-LAYERED MEMBRANE THAT PROTECTS AND HOLD THE ORGANS IN PLACE WITHIN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY
PARIETAL PERITONEUM
THE OUTER LAYER OF THE PERITONEUM THAT LINES THE INTERIOR OF THE ABDOMINAL WALL
VISCERAL PERITONEUM
INNER LAYER OF THE PERITONEUM THAT SURROUNDS THE ORGANS OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY
MESENTERY
FUSED DOUBLE LAYER OF THE PARIETAL PERITINEUM THAT ATTACHES PARTS OF THE INTESTINE TO THE INTERIOR ABDOMINAL WALL
RETROPERITONEAL
BEHIND THE PERITONEUM
PERITONITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE PERITONEUM
CYTOLOGY
THE STUDY OF ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, PATHOLGY, AND CHEMISTRY OF THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE
TISSUE THAT SURROUNDS AND PROTECTS THE CONTENTS OF THE CELL BY SEPARATING THEM FROM ITS EXTERNAL ENVIROMENT
CYT/O
CELL
CYTOPLASM
MATERIAL WITHIN THE CELL MEMBRANE THAT IS NOT PART OF THE NUCLEUS
NUCLEUS
BRAIN OF THE CELL
STEM CELLS
UNSPECIALIZED CELLS THAT ARE ABLE TO RENEW THEMSELVES FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME BY CELL DIVISION
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