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How does one get health insurance?
Employer, buy independently, from parents or government.
Premium
The amount you pay to belong to a health insurance plan.
Co-pay
The flat fee you pay each tmie you recieve care.
Deductible
The emount you pay each year before your plan begins.
Co-Insurance
The amount you pay after you meet your deductable.
Formulary
The perscripton drugs covered by your insurance.
Out-of-pocket maximum
The max you have to pay in a coverage period. Not counting premium.
Exclusions and limitations
Services/drugs not covered by your plan.
PPO
More choice in providers, but varying levels of coverage.
HMO
All you care is from a participating provider.
Medicare
Federal assistance to folks 65 and older, as well as disabilities.
Medicade
Federal assistance for low income individuals and families.
Minnesota Care
MN provides limited ammounds of government assistnance, must be unemployed for 4 months.
HealthFinders
A volunteer organization meets on thursday nights for under insured/employed pople. Doctors give care.
Why are emergency rooms so expensive?
Because they have to treat everyone. So you're pay for the 10% of American's without health insurance.
How many people need organs?
107,263
Who manages the distribution of organs?
UNOS
How do they decide who gets organs?
Urgency, financial, tissue and cell matching, geography
What organs/tissues can be donated?
Blood, heart, lungs, liver, kidney, blood plasma, eyes, bone marrow, skin, stem cells
The only ____ tissue in the body
liqued
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells, carry oxygen
Hemaglobin
Blood with protein
No nuclus
Anucleat
Color of blood
Oxygen rich blood - bright red Lacking oxygen - dark red
Blood temperature
Slightly warmer due to friction, 100 degrees.
pH of blood
7.35 (water is 7)
Blood is ___% of body weight
8
A human has ____ liters of blood
5-6
Hemoglobin
iorn-containing protein binds strongly to oxygen
Fate of erythrocytes
Unable to grow or divide, life span is 100-120 days, eliminated in spleen or liver
Sickle cell anemia
Bad shaped blood cells, can't fit much oxygen
Hema
Blood
Lukemia
Cancer of the blood
Hemotocrit:
Critical level of blood cells to function well
Buffy layer
White cells and platelets. White count is higher, you have a virus or bacteria
Hematopoiesis
Blood cell formation, all blood cells are divided from a common stem cell (hemocytoblast)
Hemostasis
Stoppage of blood flow, reslt of break in blood vessel
Hemophilia
Disorder where blood won't clot
Thrombus:
A clot in an unbroken blood vessel.. ex heat attack
Embolus
A thrumbus that breaks and chucks float freely causing blockages, can cause stroke if blocks brain
AB
Have no antibodies, universial recipient
B
Anti-A antibodies, can recieve B and O
A
Anti B antibodies, can recieve A and O
O
Anti B and anti A antibodies, universal donor
Systemic Circut
Heat to body system, flow of blood
Pulmonary Circut
Heart to lungs and back
myo
muscle
cardio
heart
peri
around
vena
vein
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