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Auscultatory gap
absence of audible sounds during blood pressure measurement that may cause inaccurate readings
blood Pressure
force the blood exerts against the walls of the blood vessels
Bradypnea
 -Abnormally slow respiratory rate (usually less than 10 breaths per minute in adults)
Core Temperature
-Internal body temperature
Stroke Volume
- amount of blood ejected from each cardiac ventricle with each heart contraction
Dyspnea
- difficulty breathing (breathing that requires marked effort)
Eupnea
- normal breathing
Apnea
- absence of respiration
Hypertension
-abnormally high blood pressure
Hypotension
-abnormally low blood pressure
Bardycardia
-abnormally slow heart rate (usually less than 60 beats per minute in adults)
Korotkoff Sounds
-sounds heard during auscultation that indicate the systolic & diastolic pressure
Orthostatic Hypotension
-fall in blood pressure associated with a change in position (e.g., from lying to sitting to standing)
Paradoxical Blood Pressure
- significant decrease in systolic blood pressure with inspiration
Prehypertension
-blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 for adults of any age
Pulse Deficit
- mathematical difference between apical and radial pulse
Pulse Pressure
- mathematical difference between systolic and diastolic pressure
Medical Asepsis
-measures taken to control and reduce the  # of pathogens present also known as "clean technique;  measures include hand washing, gloving, gowning &  disinfecting to help contain microbial growth.
Systolic Blood Pressure
- amount of blood ejected from each cardiac ventricle with each heart contraction
Tachycardia
- abnormally rapid heart rate, usually above 100 BPM in an adult
Tachypnea
- abnormally rapid RR, usually more than 20 breaths per minute in an adult
Tidal Volume
- amount of air moving in and out with each breath
Decision Making
- method of analyzing a problem. Determining alternatives, and selecting and selecting the appropriate action
Diagnostic Reasoning Process
- skills used to make nursing diagnoses
Functional Health Pattern
- a framework for collecting and organizing nursing assessment data to ascertain the client's strengths and any actual or potential dysfunctional patterns
Information-processing Theory
- Method of organizing information to use cues to make accurate diagnoses
Input
- information that enters a system
Nursing Process
- generally defined as a systematic problem solving approach toward giving individualized nursing care
Output
- End product of a system
Primary Source
-the client
Problem-solving Process
- Systematic process that involves identifying and analyzing the problem, determining and weighing the possible solutions, choosing and implementing a solution, and evaluating the results.
Secondary Source
- Family, significant others, other healthcare professionals, health records, and literature review
Diastolic BP
-pressure in the blood vessels during cardiac ventricular relaxation
Systems Theory
- Way of reviewing the world or an organization in which the parts are seen in relation to the whole
Throughput
- Process by which a system transforms, creates, and organizes input, resulting in a reorganization of the input
Antiseptic
antiseptic-agent that stops or slows the growth of  microorganisms on living tissue, commonly used  for hand washing, skin preparation, and wound packing  or irrigation
Asepsis
-absence of disease-producing microorganisms
Autoclaving
-supersaturated steam under pressure; the most widely used and dependable method of sterilization
Bactericidal
-able to kill bacteria
Bacteriostatic
-able to inhibit the growth of bacteria
Carrier
-person from whom a microorganism can be cultured but who shows no sign of a disease
Disinfectant
-Chemical used to kill microorganisms on  lifeless objects.
Hand Hygiene
-hand washing with soap and water or cleansing  the hands with a waterless alcohol -based cleanser to prevent the spread of infection.
Infectious Disease
-process resulting from infection that produces  manifestations such as fever, leukocytes's inflammation  or tissue damage
Isolation
-techniques used to prevent or to limit the spread of  infection.
Nosocomial Infections
-infection acquired during receipt of  healthcare
Opportunistic Infections
-organisms that invade the tissues when the body's defenses are suppressed.
Virulence
-vigor with which an organism can grow  and multiply
Alopecia
- Hair loss
Carries
- cavities in the tooth enamel
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