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adipose
Perataining to fat
Anterior
Pertaining to the front of a structure
Catabolism
Cellular process of breaking down of a complex substance to a simple compound.
Caudad
Towards the tail end of the body.
Cell Membrane
Allows materials to pass in and out
Cephalic
Pertaining to the head; above another structure
Chondroma
Tumor of cartilage
Chondrosarcoma
Malignant, cancerous tumor of the cartilage
Chromosomes
Contains genetic material (DNA); Threadlike structure within the nucleus of a cell.
coccygeal
Pertaining to the tailbone or coccyx
Coccyx
Tailbone at the end of the spinal or vertebral column
Cranial Cavity
The space within the skull containing the brain and pituitary gland
Craniotomy
Incision of the skull
Cytoplasm
All the substance of a cell other than the nulceus
Deep
Away from the surface of the body or organ
Diaphragm
Muscular wakk seperating the chest and abdomen
Distal
Pertaining to far from the beginning of a structure
Endoplasmic reticulum
Network of canals within the cytoplasm of the cell
Epigastric region
The upper middle region of the abdomen
Epithelial cells
Cells arranged in layers and coverings or lining a surface of the body
Frontal Plane
A vertical plane passing through the body and dividing it into the front and back portions
Histology
Study of tissues
Hypochondriac region
An upper abdominal area on wither side of the epigastric region beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs
Hypogastric
Lower middle region of the abdomen
Iliac
Pertaining to the ilium, which is the right or left upper most portion of the hipbone
Inguinal region
Lowermost region of the abdomen on either side of the hypogastric region
Intervertebral
Pertaining to between the vertebrae
Larynx
The voice box
Lateral
Pertaining to the side
Lumbar region
One of two middle lateral regions on either side of the umbilical region
Lumbosacral
Pertaining to the lumbar and sacral regions of the back
Medial
Pertaining to the middle or midline of the body
Mediastinum
Part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
Metabolism
Chemical process that occur in celss; including catabolism and anabolism
Mitochondria
Rod-like, threadlike or granular structures in a cell; catabolism releases energy
Nucleus
Central, controlling structure in a cell
Pelvic cavity
The space surrounded by the bone of the hip region
Peritoneum
Membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen
Pharynx
The throat
Pituitary gland
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain; secrets many hormones
Pleura
A delicate membrane surrounding each lung and divided into two layers
Pleural cavity
Space between the layers of the pleura in the chest
Posterior
Pertaining to the back or dorsal side of the body structure
Proximal
A location near the point of attachment or beginning of an organ
Sacral
Pertaining to the sacrum
Sagittal Plane
Vertical plane that divides the body into a right and left portion
Superficial
The surface of the body
Thoracic cavity
The space in the chest surrounded by the ribs, spinal column, beastbone, diaphragm and chest wall muscles
Thoracotomy
Incision of the cest
Thyroid gland
Endocrine gland in the neck
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