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Cybercrimes
Crimes committed through the internet or some other computer network.
Robbery
Taking and carrying away another's property by force or threat of force with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of possession.
Larceny
Taking and carrying away another person's property without the use of force with the intent to permanently deprive its owner of possession.
Tangible property
Personal property (not real estate).
Intangible property
Property that lacks a physical existence (examples include stock options, trademarks, licenses, and patents).
Embezzlement
The crime of lawfully gaining possession of someone else's property and later converting it to one's own use.
Abuse-of-trust crimes (in property crime)
Crimes committed by caretakers.
White-collar crimes
Crimes growing out of opportunities to get someone else's property provided by the perpetrator's occupation.
False pretenses
In modern law, it's often called "theft by deceit," and it means having the specific intent to obtain property by deceit and lies.
Theft by deceit or trick
Obtaining someone else's property by deceit and lies.
Theft
The consolidated crimes of larceny, embezzlement, and false pretenses.
Consolidated theft statutes
Eliminate the artificial need to separate theft into distinct offenses according to their actus reus.
Receiving stolen property
Benefiting from someone else's property without having participated in the wrongful acquisition in the first place.
Extortion (blackmail)
Misappropriation of another's property by means of threats to inflict bodily harm in the future.
Arson
Intentionally burning a house or other structure.
Criminal mischief (in property crimes)
Misdemeanor of damaging or destroying other people's property.
Burning (actus reus in arson)
Setting a building on fire, and the fire actually reaches the structure.
Burglary
Breaking and entering a building with intent to commit a crime inside the building.
Criminal trespass (in property crimes)
The crime of invading another person's property.
Surreptitious remaining element
Entering a structure lawfully with the intent to commit a crime inside.
Intellectual property
Information and services stored in and transmitted to and from electronic data banks; a raidly developing area of property crimes.
Identity theft
Stealing another person's identity for the purpose of getting something of value.
At common law, walking through a wide open door into a home to commit a felony therein was a burglary.
False
To be guilty of burglary, the burglar does not have to complete the crime he intended to commit.
True
The modern definition of burglary is narrower than the common-law definition.
False
The two offenses that involve both thefts and force or threat of force are robbery and burglary.
False
Picking a pocket without any additional action or force by the defendant is not a robbery.
True
In some states, a purse snatching, where the victim is not threatened and does not resist, and the purse is not otherwise attached to the person, is not a robbery.
True
Intellectual property theft requires the use of computers.
False
Robbery requires that the robber threaten to use force immediately.
True
The mens rea of extortion is the specific intent to obtain property by deceit.
False
The definition of arson has contracted as compared to its definition at common law.
False
Most arson statutes create specific-intent crimes.
False
The actus reus of arson is to set fire to a structure.
True
Extortion is a strict liability crime.
False
Many states divide arson into one or more degrees or types.
True
Surreptitious remaining is a type of extortion.
False
Abuse-of-trust crimes, such as embezzlement, eventually became white-collar crimes.
True
For common-law burglary, a mens rea element was that the crime occurred at night.
False
Until the 1900s, the actus reus of burglary consisted of only constructive breaking.
False
At common law, the breaking element of burglary was by a surreptitious remaining element.
False
Robbery is a crime against both persons and property.
True
Robbery has a specific-intent element.
True
Robbery has a circumstance element.
True
While picking a pocket, the thief is grabbed by the victim.  The thief pushes the victim away and takes the wallet.  This is a robbery.
True
Most robbery victims are physically harmed.
False
Identity theft involves the violation of copyright and trademark laws.
False
At common law (and in many states today), it is a crime for a person to unlawfully intrude onto someone else's property without intent to commit a crime.  it is called criminal _______.
trespass
________ occurs when a caretaker of a property voluntarily handed over to him converts the property to his own use.
Embezzlement
In embezzlement, the ________ replaces the ususal taking requirement.
conversion
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