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What is the base of Class A airspace?
FL180
In what altitude structure is a transponder required when operating in controlled airspace?
Above 10,000 feet MSL, excluding the airspace at and below 2,500 feet AGL.
Pilots should state their position on the airport when calling the tower for takeoff
from a runway intersection.
What restriction applies to a large, turbine powered airplane operating to or from a primary airport in Class B airspace?
Must operate above the floor when within lateral limits of Class B airspace.
What mimimum aircraft equipment is required for operation within Class C airspace?
Two-way communications and transponder.
What service is provided for aircraft operating within the outer area of Class C airspace?
The same as within Class C airspace when communications and radar contact is established.
What services are provided for aircraft operating within Class C airspace?
Sequencing of arriving aircraft, separation of aircraft (except between VFR aircraft), and traffic advisories.
What pilot certification and aircraft equipment are required for operating in Class C airspace?
No specific certification but a two-way radio.
What is the maximum indicated airspeed a turbine-powered aircraft may be operated below 10,000 feet MSL?
250 knots
Why are certain areas that start 3 nautical miles from the coastline of the U.S. and extend outward, classified as Warning Areas?
To warn pilots of nonparticipating aircraft of a potential danger within the area.
What is the purpose of MOAs?
To separate military training activities from IFR traffic.
Who is responsible for collision avoidance in an MOA?
Each pilot.
Which aeronautical chart depicts Military Training Routes (MTR) above 1,500 feet?
IFR Low Altitude En Route Chart.
What is the Maximum acceptable tolerance for penetrating a domestic ADIZ over land?
Plus or minus 10 miles; plus or minus 5 minutes.
What is the maximum acceptable tolerance for penetrating a domestic ADIZ over water?
Plus or minus 20 miles; plus or minus 5 minutes.
Under what conditions may a pilot on an IFR flight plan comply with authorization to maintain "VFR on Top"?
Maintain VFR altitudes, cloud clearances, and comply with applicable instrument flight rules.
What cloud clearance must be complied with when authorized to maintain "VFR on Top"?
may maintain VFR clearance above, below, or between layers.
In what airspace will ATC not authorize "VFR on Top"?
Class A airspace
What seperation or service by ATC is afforded pilots authorized "VFR on Top"?
Traffic advisories only
A minimum instrument altitude for enroute operations off of published airways which provieds obstruction clearance of 1,000 feet in nonmoutainous terrain areas and 2,000 feet in designated mountainous areas within the United States is called
Off-Route Obstruction Clearance Altitude (OROCA)
What is the required flight visibility and distance from clouds if you are operatiing in Class E airspace at 9,500 feet with a VFR-on-Top clearance during daylight hours?
3 statute miles, 1,000 feet above, 500 feet below, and 2,000 feet horizontal.
What is the minimum flight visibility and distance from clouds for flight at 10,500 feet, in Class E airspace, with a VFR-on-Top clearance during daylight hours?
5 statute miles, 1,000 feet above, 1,000 feet below, and 1 mile horizontal.
Which in flight conditions are required by a supplemental air carrier to conduct a day, over-the-top flight below the specified IFR minimum en route altitude?
The flight must be conducted at least 1,000 feet above an overcast or broken cloud layer, any higher broken/overcast cloud cover is a minimum of 1,000 feet above the IFR MEA, and have at least 5 miles flight visibility.
At what minimum altitude is a turbine-engine-powered, or large airplane, required to enter Class D airspace?
1,500 feet AGL
A pilot of a turbine-powered airplane should climb as rapidly as practicable after taking off to what altitude?
1,500 feet AGL
What is the maximum indicated airspeed a reciprocating-engine-powered airplane may be operated within Class B airspace?
250 knots
The maximum indicated airspeed that an aircraft may be flown in Class B airspace, after departing the primary airport, while at 1,700 feet AGL and 3.5 nautical miles from the airport is
250 knots
At what maximum indicated airspeed can a B-727 operate within class B airspace without special ATC authorization?
250 knots
At what maximum indicated airspeed may a reciprocating-engine-powered airplane be operated within Class D airspace?
200 knots
At what maximum indicated airspeed can a reciprocating-engine airplane operate in the airspace underlying Class B airspace.
200 knots
What are FDC NOTAMs?
Regulatory amendments to published IAPs and charts not yet available in normally published charts.
What type information is disseminated by NOTAM(D)s?
Status of navigation aids, ILSs, radar service available, and other information essential to planning.
How often are NOTAMs broadcast to pilots on a scheduled basis?
Hourly, appended to the weather broadcast.
What is the suggested time interval for filing and requesting an IFR flight plan?
File at least 30 minutes prior to departure and request the clearance not more than 10 minutes prior to taxi.
When a composite flight plan indicates IFR for the first portion of the flight, what is the procedure for the transition?
The pilot should advise ATC to cancel the IFR portion and contact the nearest FSS to activate the VFR portion.
Which IFR fix(es) should be entered on a composite flight plan?
The fix where the IFR portion is to be terminated.
When a composite flight plan indicates VFR for the first portion of the flight, what is the procedure for the transition?
The pilot should close the VFR portion with the nearest FSS and request the IFR clearance at least 5 minutes prior to IFR.
How should the route of flight be defined on an IFR flight plan?
A simlified route via airways or jet routes with transitions.
How should an off-airway direct flight be defined on an IFR flight plan?
All radio fixes over which the flight will pass.
How are random RNAV routes below FL 390 defined on the IFR flight plan?
Begin and end over appropriate arrival and departure transition fixes or navigation  aids for the altitude being flown, define the random route waypoints by using degree-distance fixes based on navigation aids appropriate for the altitude being flown.
When does ATC issue a STAR?
Only when ATC deems it appropriate.
The GPS Approach Overlay Program permits pilots to use GPS aviaonics when IFR from flying existing instrument approach procedures, except
SDF, LOC, and LDA.
Aircraft navigating by GPS are considered, on the flight plan, to be
RNAV equipped.
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