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optimal health and vitality that encompasses the following forms: Physical, Emotional, Intellectual, Spiritual, Interpersonal/Social, Environmental/Planetary
communicable from one person to another. e.g. common cold
Infectious Disease
develops and becomes worst over a period of time, usually caused by lifestyle factors e.g. Heart Disease, Cancer , Stroke
Chronic Disease
The healthy People Initiative: What is the National Wellness Goals?
That the US Government seeks to prevent unnecessary disease and disability to achieve a better quality of life for all Americans
The Healthy People Initiative: What are Year 2010 proposed Goals?
Increase quality and years of healthy life. Eliminate health disparities among Americans
this is an automatic response that makes our heart rate speed up and our breathing increase, while our digestion and reproductive abilities slow down.
sympathetic nervous system
takes energy away from the core of the body and sends it out to the skeletal muscles so that they can react – by fighting or running away
"fight or flight syndrome"
the balanced levels of chemicals that keep us on an even keel.
people having a greater awareness about health and about taking care of their bodies.
an isolated behavior selected as the object of a behavior change plan.
target behavior
can also make a big difference in your level of motivation and your chances of success; providing information and support for your efforts.
social support
any physical or psychological event or condition that produces stress.
the physiological changes associated with stress.
stress response.
the collective physiological and emotional responses to any stimulus that disturbs an individual's homeostasis.
the branch of the peripheral nervous system that, largely without conscious thought, controls basic body processes; consists of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.
autonomic nervous system
a defense reaction that prepares an individual for conflict or escape by triggering hormonal, cardiovascular, metabolic, and other changes.
fight-or-flight reaction
individuals tended to be more controlling, schedule driven, competitive, and even hostile.
Type A personality
individuals were less hurried, more contemplative, and more tolerant of others.
Type B personality
characterized by difficulty expressing emotions, anger suppression, feelings of hopelessness and despair, and an exaggerated stress response to minor cognitive stressors.
Type C personality
A pattern of stress responses consisting of three stage: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.
General adaptation syndrome
stress resulting from a pleasant stressor
stress resulting from an unpleasant stressor
techniques for managing stress:
-social support and communication -exercise -nutrition -sleep -time management
those which increase fear or anger and hinder obstruct communication
obstructive message
those which reduce fear or anger and promote effective communication
Facilitative message
a feeling of fear that is not directed toward any definite threat.
types of psychological disorder
-anxiety disorder -simple(specific) phobia -social phobia -panic disorder -agoraphobia
a persistent and excessive fear of a specific object, activity, or situation.
simple (specific) phobia
an excessive fear of performing in public; speaking in public is the most common example.
social phobia
a syndrome of severe anxiety attacks accompanied by physical symptoms.
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by fear of being alone away from help and avoidance of many different places and situations; in extreme cases, a fear of leaving home. From the Greek for "fear of the public market."
a mood disorder characterized by loss of interest, sadness, hopelessness, loss of appetite disturbed sleep, and other physical symptoms.
focuses on current behavior patterns. The goal is to help people replace unhealthy, dysfunctional behaviors with more positive behaviors.
Behavioral Therapy
emphasizes the effect of ideas on behavior and feeling. People in this therapy are taught to notice their unrealistic thoughts and to substitute more realistic ones.
Cognitive therapy
emphasize the role of the past and of unconscious thoughts in shaping present behavior.
psychodynamic and interpersonal therapies
focuses on immediate feelings and the potential for future growth.
Humanistic therapy
the external female genitals, or sex organs.
the highly sensitive female genital structure.
the passage leading from the female genitals to the internal reproductive organs; the birth canal
the end of the uterus opening toward the vagina
the hollow, thick-walled, muscular organ in which the fertilized egg develops; the womb
one of two female reproductive glands that produce ova (eggs) and sex hormones; ovaries are the female gonads
the male genital structure consisting of spongy tissue that becomes engorged with blood during sexual excitement.
the loose sac of skin and muscle fibers that contains the testes.
one of two male gonads, the site of sperm production
the rounded head of the penis or the clitoris
surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis.
glands that produce hormones
endocrine glands
one of the three 3-month periods of pregnancy.
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