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Abandonmentâ
failure of the EMT to continue emergency medical treatment.
Abdomenâ
the more inferior of the two major body cavities, lying between the thorax and the pelvis and containing the major organs of digestion and excretion.
Abdominal Catastropheâ
a term describing the most severe form of an acute abdomen; the presence of a severe intra-abdominal problem that causes peritonitis.
Abdominal Cavityâ
the cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvis that contains all the Abdominal organs.
Abdominal Eviscerationsâ
injuries in which abdominal organs are exposed.
Abdominal Quadrantsâ
For equal parts into which the abdomen is divided; they are separated by two imaginary lines that intersect at right angles at the umbilicus. The quadrants are the right upper, the right lower, left upper, and left lower quadrants.
Abdominal Subdiaphragmatic Thrust Maneuverâ
a series of 6 to 10 manual thrusts into the upper abdomen, just above the umbilicus and well below the xiphoid to relieve upper airway obstruction; also called the Heimlich maneuver.
Abductionâ
motion of a limb away from the midline.
Abortionâ
delivery of the fetus before it is mature enough to survive outside the womb (about 20 weeks), either from natural causes (spontaneous abortion) or induced; also called miscarriage.
Abrasionâ
loss of skin as a result of a body part being rubbed or scraped across a rough or hard surface.
Abruptio Placentaeâ
early separation of the placenta from the wall of the uterus.
Abscessâ
a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the disintegration of tissues.
Abuseâ
a cause of injury that can take the form of beatings, burns, rape, attempted murder, etc
Acetabulumâ
the socket portion of the hip joint, into which the femoral head fits.
Acetoneâ
a colorless liquid found in small quantities in normal urine and in larger amounts in diabetic urine; a metabolic end product of the use of fat for routine energy needs.
Achilles Tendonâ
the tendon joining the muscles in the calf of the leg to the bone of the heel.
Acidâ
any compound of an electronegative element with one or more electropositive hydrogen ions. Acids can cause severe burns.
Acidosisâ
a condition caused by accumulation of acid or loss of base in the body.
A/C Joint - Acromioclvicular Jointâ
joint at the top of the shoulder, formed by bony projections of the scapula and clavicle.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)â
a fatal disease first noted in 1978 an caused by a virus. It is spread through direct contact with the blood, semen, or oral secretions of infected individuals.
Acromion Processâ
lateral extension of the spine of the scapula; the highest point of the shoulder.
A/C Separationâ
a dislocation of the acromioclvicular joint; shoulder separation.
Activated Charcoalâ
powdered charcoal that has been treated to increase its powers of adsorption; used as a general-purpose antidote.
Actual Consentâ
consent actually given by a person authorizing the EMT to provide care or transportation.
Acute Abdomenâ
a term indication the presence of some abdominal process that causes the sudden irritation of the peritoneum and intense pain.
Acute Cholecystitisâ
inflammation of the gallbladder
Acute Epiglittitisâ
a bacterial infection of the epiglottis. In children it can cause swelling severe enough to cause airway obstruction.
Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)â
heart attack; death of the heart muscle caused by lack of oxygen to the muscle.
Acute Pulmonary Edemaâ
severe fluid buildup in the lungs that usually occurs following acute myocardial infarction.
Acute Symptomsâ
symptoms of sudden onset.
Acute Urinary Retentionâ
a condition more common in the older male, often in conjunction with enlargement of the prostate gland, in which the urethral outlet of the bladder is obstructed and the patient is unable to void.
Alcoholâ
a liquid obtained by fermentation of carbohydrates with yeast.
Alcoholic Hallucinationsâ
the awareness or perception of fantastic figures, often walking on the wall or appearing as if to attack the patient; they are a manifestation of the alcoholic withdrawal syndrome.
Alcoholismâ
addiction to alcohol; overuse that affects the individual¬タルs health and social and economic functioning.
Alkaliâ
any compound of an electropositive element with an electronegative hydroxyl ion or similar ion. Alkalis can cause severe burns.
Alkalineâ
having a pH above the normal level of 7.45.
Alkalosisâ
a condition in which excessive breathing, as from hyperventilating, ¬タワblows off¬タン too much carbon dioxide. The patient experiences shortness of breath, This response is common in psychological stress.
Allergensâ
agents to which a person is sensitive.
Alergicâ
suffering from an allergy.
Allergyâ
exaggerated reaction to substances, situations, or physical states that have no such effect on the average person.
Alopeciaâ
Loss of hair.
Alpha Particleâ
a positively charged particle emitted from the nucleus of a radioactive atom.
Alpha Radiationâ
a form of ionizing radiation that poses little danger; these rays are easily stopped by paper, a few inches of air, or light clothing.
Alveoliâ
the air sacs of the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Ambulanceâ
vehicle for emergency medical care, especially designed to provide a patient compartment large enough for two EMTs and two litter patients, so positioned that at least one patient can be given intensive lifesaving care during transit.
Ambulance Run Reportâ
a permanent run report filled out by the EMT after the patient has been delivered to the emergency department.
Ambulance Street Formâ
a compact form, frequently printed on a 3x5 card, that allows the EMT to record the information needed to make a radio report to the emergency department,
American Standard Systemâ
safty system for large cylinders of gas in which gas outlet valves are threaded to accept matching regulator valves so that a regulator cannot be attached to a wrong supply tank.
Amino Acidsâ
organic compounds that form the chief structure of proteins.
Amnesiaâ
loss of memory.
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