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The sutures in the skull are examples of what kind of joint.
A) Synovial
B) Cartilaginous
C) Fibrous
D) Condyloid
C) Fibrous
A(n) ______ is a specific type of protein that catalyzes (accelerates) biologic or chemical reactions.
A) adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule
B) enzyme
C) fatty acid
D) monosaccharide
B) enzyme
Which of the following terms describes the relationship of the thumb to the humerus?
A) Proximal
B) Distal
C) Internal
D) Palmar
B) Distal
The term gastro refers to what?
A) Tongue
B) Stomach/belly
C) Muscle
D) Bone
B) Stomach/belly
Which of the following represents poor body mechanics or poor positioning?
A) Hands and arms close to the sides of the body
B) Spine bent over to increase leverage
C) Knees bent w/ weight balanced on both feet
D) Shoulders and wrists relaxed
B) Spine bent over to increase leverage
The rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and vastus intermedius together form the:
A) shoulder girdle
B) adductor muscle group
C)quadriceps muscle group
D) hamstring muscle group
C) quadriceps muscle group
The 4 muscles of the mastication are the:
A) masseter, temporalis, lateral pterygoid and platysma
B) medial ptergoid, lateral pterygoid, masseter and omohyoid
C) temporalis, sternohyoid, masseter and medial pterygoid
D) masseter, medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid and temporalis
D) masseter, medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid and temporalis
The opening for the external ear canal is in which of the following bones?
A) Frontal
B) Occipital
C) Temporal
D) Parietal
C) Temporal
What kind of bone makes up the main shaft of long bones and the outer layeer of other bones?
A) Compact bone
B) Periosteal bone
C) Spongy bone
D) Sesamoid bone
A) Compact bone
The _______ are specialized proprioceptors mostly found in the bellies of muscles that provide information about the length or change in length of skeletal muscles.
A) Golgi tendon organs
B) neurolemmocytes
C) muscle spindles
D) myosin
C) muscle spindles
The large bony prominence on the lateral aspect of the proximal thigh at the hip joint is the:
A) lateral epicondyle of the femur
B) greater trochanter
C) ischial tuberosity
D) lateral malleolus
B) greater trochanter
The four muscles that form the rotator cuff of the shoulder are the:
A) supraspinatus, teres minor, deltoid and trapezius
B) deltoid, pectoralis major, trapezius and teres minor
C) latissimus dorsi, tensor fasciae latae, sternocleidomastoid and pectoralis major
D) subscapularis, teres minor, infraspinatus and supraspinatus
D) subscapularis, teres minor, infraspinatus and supraspinatus
The blind spot in the eye is created because of the:
A) optic disk
B) conjunctiva
C) fovea centralis
D) retina
A) optic disk
The ______ chakra represents clear thinking, learning, personal power, will, anger, joy, laughter, decisions and is the seat of our emotions.
A) solar plexus
B) third eye
C) throat
D) root
A) solar plexus
Which of the following is NOT a prupose of the blood?
A) Transportation
B) Digestion
C) Protection
D) Regulation
B) Digestion
The bile that is produced in the liver breaks down:
A) carbohydrates
B) fats
C) glucose
D) proteins
B) fats
The pyloric sphincter is located:
A) at the end of the colon
B) between the esophagus and the stomach
C) between the stomach and the duodenum
D) between the small and large intestine
C) between the stomach and the duodonum
An isometric contraction occurs when:
A) the muscle contracts and develops tension but doesn not change length
B) the muscle contracts and shortens
C) the muscle contracts and lengthens
D) the muscle contracts and moves bone
A) the muscle contracts and develops tension but does not change length
The ileocecal valve is located:
A) at the end of the transverse colon
B) at the end of the esophagus
C) near the common bile duct
D) between the small and large intestine
D) between the small and large intestine
The pectoralis major, coracobrachialis, latissimus dorsi and teres major all work together to cause what type of movement of the shoulder (glenohumeral) joint?
A) Extension
B) Abduction
C) Adduction
D) Flexion
C) Adduction
Which class of lever is good for generating speed but poor for generating power?
A) First-class lever
B) Second-class lever
C) Third-class lever
D) Fourth-class lever
C) Third-class lever
Urine passes from the kidney to the bladder through the:
A) ureter
B) urethra
C) urinal canal
D) urinoma
A) ureter
Where does teh piriformis muscle originate and insert?
A) O-on the anterior tibia; I- on the first cuneiform and first metatarsal
B) O-on the iliac crest; I-on the lumbar vertebrae and the twelth rib
C) O-on the pubis; I-on the linea aspera
D) O-on the anterior sacrum; I-on the greater trochanter
D) O-on the anterior sacrum; I-on the greater trochanter
The amount of air moved into or out of the lungs during quiet, relaxed breathing is the:
A) tidal volume
B) vital capacity
C) residual volume
D) total lung capacity
A) tidal volume
Which of the following muscles does NOT help extend the shoulder joint?
A) Deltoid
B) Trapezius
C) Triceps Brachii
D) Infraspinatus
B) Trapezius
A vaccination is a form of:
A) passive, naturally acquired immunity
B) active, artificially acquired immunity
C) inborn immunity
D) passive, artificially acquired immunity
B) active, artificially acquired immunity
Which nutrient is a carbohydrate that cannot be digested by the human body and therefore passes through the gastrointestinal tract, helping to promote peristalsis and bowel regularity
A) Fats
B) ATP
C) Dietary fiber
D) Protein
C) Dietary fiber
Which of the following is NOT a function of the lymphatic system?
A) Production and distribution of fat
B) Drainage of excess fluids from the tissue
C) Absorption of fats from the small intestine
D) Protection from foreign invaders
A) Production and distribution of fat
Type O Rh-positive blood has:
A) the A antigen, B antibody and Rh antigen
B) The A and B antigens and te Rh antibody
C) the A and B antibodies and the Rh antigen
D) no antigens and the A,B and Rh antibodies
C) The A and B antibodies and the Rh antigen
Which of the following muscles inserts on the olecranon process?
A) Quadriceps femoris
B) Biceps brachii
C) Triceps brachii
D) Brachialis
C) Triceps brachii
Which of the following neurotransmitters is released in the neuromuscular junction?
A)Acetylcholine
B) Epinephrine
C) Norepinephrine
D) Dopamine
A) Acetylcholine
Which meridian begins on the bottom of the foot and runs up the medial side of the leg and torso to the chest?
A) Pericardium
B) Heart
C) Triple heater
D) Kidney
D) Kidney
The cranial nerve responsible for the carrying general sensory impulses from the face is the:
A)trigeminal nerve
B) abducens nerve
C) vagus nerve
D) olfactory nerve
A) trigeminal nerve
The spaces in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid are called:
A) centrioles
B) foramina
C) ventricles
D) pons
C) ventricles
The portion of the peripheral nerves that helps prepare the body for the fight-or-flight response is know as the:
A) autonomic nervous system
B) neurotransmitters
C) sympathetic nervous system
D) cerebral sulcus
C) sympathetic nervous system
The visual center of the brain is located in the:
A) occipital lobe
B) frontal lobe
C) parietal lobe
D) temporal lobe
A) occipital lobe
Which of the following is the proper sequence for the reflex arc?
A) Sensory organ, efferent neuron, interneuron, afferent neuron and effector organ
B) Afferent neuron, sensory organ, interneuron, effector organ and efferent neuron
C) Sensory organ, efferent neuron, afferent neuron, interneuron and effector organ
D) Sensory organ, afferent neuron, interneuron, efferent neuron and effector organ
D) Sensory organ, afferent neuron, interneuron, efferent neuron and effector organ
Which valves in the heart make the strong "lubb" sound?
A) Atrioventricular valves
B) Semilunar valves
C) atrioventricular and semilunar valves closing together
D) Atrioventriculr and semilunar valves opening together
A) atrioventricular valves
The tympanic membrane divides teh external ear from the:
A) middle ear
B) inner ear
C) throat
D) trachia
A) middle ear
The function of th dendrites on the neuron is to:
A) receive information from the environment
B) transmit impulses away from the cell body
C) insulate the azon
D) increase teh speed of transmission across the synapse
A) receive information from the environment
The medulla oblongata in the brainstem contains which of the following centers?
A) Visual center
B) Cardiac center
C) Speech center
D) Motor center
B) Cardiac center
All of the nerves that control the _____ function of the body's organs originate from cranial nerves or sacral nerves.
A) sympathetic
B) parasympathetic
C) reflexive
D) sensory
B) parasympathetic
Which of the following regulate(s) the growth, development and functioning of the reproductive system in both males and females?
A) Calcitonin
B) Thyroid-stimulating hormone
C) Follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone
D) Prolactin
C) Follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone
What is the longest part of the digestive tract?
A) Esophagus
B) Stomach
C) Large intestine
D) Small intesting
D) Small intestine
What substance in the blood carries oxygen to other cells of the body?
A) Hemoglobin
B) Leukocytes
C) Plasma
D) Albumin
A) Hemoglobin
The outer layer of tissue surrounding the uterus is the:
A) endometrium
B) myometrium
C) perimetrium
D) cervix
C) perimetrium
The interphalangeal oints of the hands and feet are examples of what kind of joint?
A) Hinge
B) Ball and socket
C) Gliding
D) Saddle
A) Hinge
Which of the following is the proper sequence of blood through the heart?
a) Right venticle, plmonary semilunar valve, pulmonary trunk, pulmonay arteries
B) Superior vena cava, left atrium, tricuspid valve, left ventricle
C) Bicuspid valve, aorta, lungs, pulmonary veins
D) Rght atrium, pulmonary semilunar valve, aorta, body
D) Right atrium, pulmonary semilunar valve, aorta, body
What is the sensory pattern on the skin fo rthe axillary nerve?
A) Over the deltoid muscle on the lateral aspect of the shoulder
B) Palm of the hand
C) Posterior forearm
D) Fifth finger and medial half of the fourth finger
A) Over the deltoid muscle on the lateral aspect of the shoulder
Contractions in which there is no change in muscle length but a significant increase in muscle tension are know as:
A) isotonic contractions
B) isometric contractions
C) concentric contractions
D) eccentric contractions
B) isometric
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