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Metabolism is...
...the sum of all cellular processes that build, maintain, and supply energy to living tissue.
Proteins that lack one or more of the essential amino acids are called...
...incomplete proteins
Complete proteins are found in...
...meat, poultry, eggs and milk.
Children under the age of 2 need more fat in their diet than do older children and adults.
Fiber and starch are examples of...
...complex carbohydrates.
Each gram of carbohydrates contain how many calories?
4.1 calories
Too much fiber can cause...
...constipation, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal disorders.
The daily recommended allowance for fat in the adult diet is...
...30%-40%.
Essential fatty acids cannot be produced by the body and must be supplied by food.
High levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL)...
...are linked with lowered risks of for coronary heart disease.
Unsaturated fats tend to lower...
...blood cholesterol
Vitamins A, D, E and K are...
...fat soluble.
Most minerals are...
...absorbed in the intestines, and any excess is eliminated.
Water contributes about ____ of body weight.
65%
The optimal percentage of body fat _____ the same for men and women.
is not
Obese patients have a body mass index of 30 or above.
The index is a measure of weight relative to height.
Antioxidants are...
...substances in food that may offer protection against certain chronic diseases.
______ contains a balance of nutrients that infants' bodies need during the first year of life.
Breast milk
The typical American diet contains ____g sodium daily.
2-5 grams
Calcium in milk can diminish the absorption of some antibiotics.
Individuals who have anorexia nervosa have ususally suffered from a childhood trauma.
Three main groups of carbohydrates

  • monosaccharides

  • disaccharides

  • polysaccharides

Galactose is a product of the digestion of...
...milk.
A condition caused by an overdose of vitamins
hypervitaminosis
A simple sugar to which all forms of carbohydrates ultimately convert to.
Glucose
Wheat germ is a source of vitamin...
...B  and complex and E.
Butter, margarine and cooking oils are...
...visible fats.
A fibrous form of carbohydrate that cannot be digested is...
...cellulose.
Glycogen is stored in...
...the liver and muscles.
Fats may be classfifed as...
...visible and invisible.
Fats are sometimes called...
...lipids.
An inadequate supply of essential nutrients in the diet may result in...
...malnutrition.
The nutrient that comprises about 58% of body weight is...
...water.
Two foods that contain large amounts of saturated fats are...
...lamb and ice cream.
The digestion of fats occur mainly in the...
...small intestine.
Blindness can occur from a severe lack of...
...vitamin A.
The vitamin that is necessary for the proper clotting of blood is...
...vitamin K.
Good sources of Vitamin C are...
...citrus fruits.
Protein deficiency may result in...
...nutritional edema.
Complete proteins contain all the essential...
...amino acids.
Minerals are inorganic elements that...
  • help to build tissues
  • are found in all body tissues
  • regulate various body functions



The coloring matter of blood is...
...hemoglobin.
A microorganism is...
...a tiny animal or plant.
Injections of vitamin B-12 are given in the treatment of...
...pernicious anemia.
A caliper is used to...
...determine the percentage of body fat.
A typical symptom of food allergy is...
...hives.
Nitrogen containing shemical compounds of which protein is composed are...
...amino acids.
Iron is known to be a necessary component of...
...hemoglobin.
Iodine is essential to health because...
...it effects the rate of metabolism.
Fat-soluble vitamins are...
...slower than water-soluble vitamins to exhibit deficiencies.
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