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Brain
forebrain; midbrain; and hindbrain
Cerebrum
main largest portion of the brain
Cerebellum
located on the back of the brain stem; vermis and the hemispheres
Brain stem
stem like portion of the brain; connects cerebral hemispheres with the spinal cord; pons; medulla oblongata; and midbrain
Encephalon
located between the cerebrum and midbrain; thalamus; hypothalamus; and pineal gland. controls body temp.; sleep; appetite; blood pressure; and sexual activity
Spinal cord
part of the CNS lodged in the spinal column
Meninges
three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
Dura Mater
outermost; toughest of the three meninges (membranes) of brain and spinal cord
Arachnoid
delicate membrane interposed between dura and pia mater
Pia Mater
innermost of the three meninges covering the brain and spinal cord
Cerebrospinal fluid
fluid in the spine; ventricles of the brain; subarachnoid space; and central canal
Cranial nerves
12 pairs of nerves emerging from the cranial cavity through various openings in the skull
olfactory
sense of smell
optic
vision
oculomotor
movements of the eye
trochlear
muscles of the eyes
trigeminal
facial movements
abducens
muscles of the eye turning the eye outward
facial
muscles of the face; ears; and scalp
auditory
related to the ear or the sense of hearing
glossopharyngeal
related to the tongue and pharynx
pneumogastric vagus
voice and swallowing
spinal
neck muscles
hypoglossal
beneath the tongue
spinal accessory nerves
31 pairs of nerves w/o special names that are connected to the spinal cord
sympathetic
part of the ANS assisting the body in emergencies; defense and survival
parasympathetic
part of the ANS bringing body functions back to normal after a stressful situation has ended
Abscess (brain)
secondary to infection in the body; ear. sinuses
Anencephaly
with out a brain; congenital absence of a large portion of the brain and skull; death occurs in 1-2 days
Belly\\\'s Palsy
unilateral facial paralysis of sudden onset caused by lesion of the facial nerves; facial distortion
concussion
violent blow to the head; may or may not have loss of consciousness
convulsion (seizure)
involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the voluntary muscles
encephalitis
irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the brain; usually due to infections
fracture (skull)
break in the bones of the skull
hematoma
\\\"blood \\\"\\\"tumor\\\"\\\" clot outside the blood vessels\\\"
hydrocephalus
water on the brain; build up of fluid inside the skull leading to inflammation
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges caused by bacterial; viral; or fungal infection
meningocele ( myelomeningocele)
hernial protrusion of the meninges through a bone defect in the cranium or vertebral column
neuropathy
disease of cranial and peripheral nervous system; motor; sensory; and reflex impairment
neurology
the study of the brain
neurologist
doctor who studies the brain
neurosurgeon
surgeon of the brain
poliomyelitis
acute viral disease with fever; sore throat; headache; vomiting; and often stiffness of the neck and back
sciatica
severe pain in the leg along the course of the sciatic nerve
shunt
to bypass; using a catheter to drain fluid from brain cavities to the spinal cord
subdural hematoma
collection (clot) of blood on the surface of the brain
tumors (cord; brain)
abnormal growth of body tissue; benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous); primary or metastatic; may be classified by location; tissue type; or degree of malignancy
whiplash
acute cervical sprain; acceleration or extension injury of the cervical spine
angiogram cerebral (arteriogram)
arterial neck x-ray
Babinski\\\'s sign
reflex response; strike sole of foot and big toe turns up instead of down
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