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1.) Material Safety Data Sheets are obtained from
the product manufacturer
2.) Regulatory agencies and governmental health departments require businesses that sserve the public to
follow prescribed sanitary precautions
3.)Bacteria are very small and can only be seen with the aid of
a microscope
4.) One Celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics are
bacteria
5.) In the human body, nonpathogenic bacteria help metabolize food, protect against infectious microorganisms, and
stimulate the immune response
6.) Bacteria can exist
almost anywhere
7.) A small minority of bacteria that cause disease when invading plant or animal tissue are:
pathogenic
8.) A type of pathogenic bacteria that require living matter for growth are:
parasites
9.) Pus- forming bacteria arranged in curved lines that resemble a string of beads are:
streptococci
10.) Cocci are pathogenic bacteria that are:
round-shaped
11.) Bacteria that may cause strip throat or blood poisoning are:
fungi
12.) Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:
diplococci
13.) Lyme disease, syphilis, or sexually transmitted diseases are caused by spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:
spirilla
14.) In humans, pathogenic bacteria are known to produce:
diseases
15.) Bacteria that are transmitted through the air and rarely show active motility are:
Cocci
16.) Bacilli and spirilla bacteria are both motile and use slender, hairlike extensions known as:
flagella
17. Harmless bacteria are what type of bacteria?
nonpathogenic bacteria
18.) In 2000, a bacteria called Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for:
whirlpool foot spas
19.) Bacteria generally consist of an outer wall containing a liquid called:
protoplasm
20.) The life cycle of bacteria has two distinct phases, the active stage and:
inactive or spore-forming stage
21.) The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells is:
mitosis
22.) Bacteria that pose little or no risk to a client in the salon setting but are dangerous in the medical setting are:
anthrax and tetanus bacilli
23.) The presence of pus is a sign of a
bacterial infection
24.) When body tissues are invaded by pathogenic bacteria, it is a sign of an:
infection
25.) Common human bacteria transferred through skin-to-skin contact or by using unclean implements are:
staphylococci
26.) When a disease spreads from one person to another, it is communicable or:
contagious
27.) An infection, indicated by a lesion containing pus, confined to a particular part of the body is a:
local infection
28.) When a disease spreads from one person to another by contact, it is:
contagious
29.) A submicroscopic structure capable of infecting plants and animals including bacteria is a:
virus
30.) A virus can live and reproduce only by
penetrating other cells and becoming part of them
31.) Hepatitis A, a bloodborne virus, is marked by an inflammation of the
liver
32.) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
33.) An organism that lives on another living organism and draws its nourishment from that organism is a
parasite
34.) If nail implementshave not been disinfected properly, the client may contract
nail fungus
35.) Disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids are
bloodborne pathogens
36.) Transmission of bloodborne pathogens can become possible through shaving, nipping, facial treatments, waxing, tweezing, or
anytime the skin barrier is broken
37.) A skin disease caused by an infestation of head lice is
pediculosis
38.) The ability of the body to destroy pathogenic bacteria or viruses that have entered the body is
immunity
39.) The type of immunity the body develops after overcoming a disease or through vaccinations is
acquired immunity
40.) The surfaces of tools or objects not completely free from dirt, oils, and microbes are covered with
contaminants
41.) The process of removing pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces is
decontamination
42.) The three main types of decontamination are
sanitation, disinfection, and sterilization
43.) Decontamination is a process that involves the use of
physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens
44.) Estheticians who use needles and probes that lance the skin must use a level of decontamination called
sterilization
45.) In the salon setting, disinfection is extremely effective in controlling
microorganisms on non-living surfaces
46.) A higher level of decontamination than sanitation is
disinfection
47.) An exception to the level of protection that disinfection provides and the possibility of an infection could be present if
the client's skin is broken
48.) A chemical agent that is used to destroy bacteria and viruses on surfaces is
disinfectant
49.) Disinfectants must have a registration number and be approved by the
environmental protection agency (EPA)
50.) A manufacturer must supply pertinent safety and storage information by providing
material safety data sheets
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