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1.) Cosmetology is primarily restricted to the muscles, nerves, circulatory system, and:
bones of the head, face, neck, arms, hands, lower legs, and feet
2.) The basic unit of all living things is the
cell
3.) The substance called protoplasm is found in
the cells of all living things
4.) The study of the structures of the human body is
anatomy
5.) A dense active protoplam found in the center of the cell is
nucleus
6.) Most cells reproduce by divingin into two identical cells called:
daughter cells
7.) The watery fluid that cells need for growth, reproduction, and self-repair is found in the:
cytoplasm
8.) The chemical process whereby cells are nourished and carry out their activies is:
metabolism
9.) The chemical process of cell nourishment has two phases, which are:
anabolism and catabolism
10.) A collection of similar cells that perform a specific function are:
tissue
11.) A type of tissue that supports, protects, and binds together other tissues of the body is
connective tissue
12.) Tissues that are a protective covering on the skin or the lining of the hear and glands are examples of:
epithelial tissue
13.) Nerve tissue is composed of special cells known as:
neurons
14.) The physical foundation of the body is the
skeletal system
15.) The connection between two or more bones is a
joint
16.) The scientific name for the study of the anatomy, structure, and function of the bones is:
osteology
17.) The ankle joint is formed by the tibia, fibula, and the:
talus
18.) The oval, bony case that protects the brain is the:
cranium
19.) The hindmost bone of the skull, below the parietal bone, which forms the back of the skull above the nape is the:
occipital bone
20.) The bones of the face are involved in
facial massage
21.) The system of the body that covers, shapes, and supports the skeleton tissue is the:
muscular system
22.) The medical term used to describe the study, function, and diseases of the muscles is
myology
23.) The two bones that form the upper jaw are:
maxillae bones
24.) The two bones that form the sides and crown (top) of the cranium are the:
parietal bones
25.) The uppermost and largest bone of the arm, extending from the elbow to the shoulder, is the
humerus
26.) The foot is made up of _____ bones.
26
27.) The ________ is a heavy, long bone that forms the leg above the knee.
femur
28.) Muscles are fibrous tissue classified as three types, which are:
striated, nonstriated, and cardiac
29.) Skeletal muscles attached to bone that are voluntary or controlled at will are:
striated muscle
30.) The part of the muscle that does not move is the:
origin
31.) Pressure applied to a muscle during a massage is usually directed from the :
insertion to the origin
32.) The broad muscle that covers the top of the head is the:
epicranius
33.) The front portion of the epicranius that raises the eyebrows, draws the scalp forward, and causes wrinkles across the forehead is the:
frontalis
34.) The sternocleidomastoid muscle is the muscle of the neck that is responsible for:
lowering and rotating the head
35.) The ring muscle of the eye socket that enables the eyes to close is the:
orbicularis oculi
36.) A muscle covering the back of the neck and the upper and middle region of the back that rotates and controls the swinging of the arms is the
trapezius
37.) Muscles that straighten the wrist, hand, and fingers to form a straight line are the:
extensors
38.) The muscles at the base of the fingers that draw fingers together are the:
adductors
39.) The gastrocnemius muscle is located in the:
lower leg
40.) The scientific study of the structure, function, and pathology of the nervous system is:
neurology
41.) Every square inch of the body is supplied with fine fibers:
nerves
42.) The nervous system that controls the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and cranial nerves is the:
central nervous system
43.) The system of nerves that carries impulses or messages to and from the central nervous system is the:
peripheral nervous system
44.) The portion of the central nervous system that originates in the brain, extends down the lower extremity of the trunk, and is protected is the:
spinal cord
45.) The largest and most complex nerve tissue in the body is the:
brain
46.) Whitish cords made up of bundle of nerve fibers held together by connective tissue are:
nerves
47.) Sensory nerve endings that are located close to the surface of the skin are:
receptors
48.) Nerves that carry impulses from the brain to the muscles and produce movements are:
49.) The largest of the cranial nerves, also known as the trifacial nerve or the trigeminal nerve, is the:
fifth cranial nerve
50.) The chief motor nerve of the face that emerges near the lower part of the ear and extends to the muscles of the neck is the:
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