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1.) The science that deals with the composition, structures, and properties of matter and how matter changes under different conditions is known as:
chemistry
2.) The study of substances that contain carbon is referred to as:
organic chemistry
3.) Products manufactured from natural gas, oil, or plant or animal remains are considered to be:
organic
4.) Metals, mineral, water , and air are examples of:
inorganic substances
5.) Inorganic chemistry is the science that deals with compounds lacking:
carbon
6.) Any substance that occupies space and has mass can be considered
matter
7.) A basic substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances without loss of identity is called:
an element
8.) Substances that cannot be divided into simpler substances by ordinary chemical means are:
atoma
9.) The smallest particle of an element is an
atom
10.) Chemically joining two or more atoms forms a
molecule
11.) Chemical combinations of two or more atoms of different elements form:
a compound
12.) Normal matter exists in three different physical states, which are solid, gas, and
liquid
13.) Characteristics that do not involve chemically changing a substance are:
physical properties
14.) A change in a substance's chemical composition is a:
chemical change
15.) Matter that is not mixed with substances of different chemical compostions is a:
pure substance
16.) Physcial mixtures containing two or more different substances are:
solutions, suspensions, and emulsions
17.) A blended mixture of two or more liquids or a solid dissolved in a liquid is a:
solution
18.) A substance that dissolves another substance with no change in chemical composition is a:
solvent
19.) Miscible liquids are liquids that can be
mixed into stable solutions
20.) Liquids that are not capable of being mixed into stable solutions are
immiscible
21.) A product that does not separate when standing and contains particles is considered to be:
a solution
22.) Solutions that contain undissolved particles that are visible to the naked eye are known as:
suspensions
23.) A mixture of two or more immiscible substances united with the aid of a binder is known as an
emulsion
24.) A substance that acts as a bridge to allow oil and water to mix or emulsify is a
surfactant
25.) The water-loving head of a surfactant molecule is:
hydrophilic
26.) Ammonium hydroxide and ammonium thioglycolate are examples of products used to:
raise the pH of hair
27.) An atom or molecule that carries an electric charge is an:
Ion
28.) Acids owe their chemical reactivity to the:
Hydrogen ion
29.) Chemical reactions that produce heat are called:
exothermic
30.) The chemical reaction that combines an element or compound with oxygen to produce an oxide is:
oxidation
31.) The rapid oxidation of any substance accompanied by heat or light is:
combustion
32.) When oxygen is subtracted from a substance, the chemical reaction is called:
reduction
33.) A substance that has a pH above 7.0 is considered to be an:
alkali solution
34.) A sweet, colorless, oily substance used as a moisturizing ingredient in cosmetic products is:
glycerin
35.) The chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidized is:
redox
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