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Anatomy
structure of the body and body systems.
Physiology
functions of the body and body systems.
Sagittal plane
Divides the body into unequal left and right parts
Medial plane
Divides the body into equal left and right parts
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Transverse plan: Runs across the body
Dorsal plane
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Cranial
Towards the head
Caudal
Towards the tail
Rostral
Towards the nose
Dorsal
Top of back
Ventral
The belly
Medial
Towards the medial plan, or center
Lateral
Away from the medial plan
Deep
(Internal): Towards the center of the body.
Superficial
(External): Towards the surface of the body.
Proximal
Towards the body.
Distal
Away from the body.
Anterior
The forward side of the limbs, going in the same direction as the head.
Posterior
The rear side of the limb, going towards the tail.
Palmer
The pad side of the front feet
Plantar
The pad side of the rear feet
Bilateral symmetry
The left and right halves of an animal\'s body are mirror imagea of each other.
Dorsal body cavity
Contains the brain and spinal cord.
Ventral body cavity
Contains most of the organs systems of the body
Thoracic cavity
Chest
Peritoneal cavity
Abdominal cavity
Pleura
Thin membrane that lines organs and the thoracic wall
Peritoneum
Thin membrane that lines organs and the abdominal wall
Cell
The basic functional unit of animal life
Tissue
A group of specialized cells
Organ
Group of tissue that works together for common purpose
System
Organs that involved in a common set of activities
Homeostasis
Maintenance of balance and equilibrium within the body
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