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Thiazide Diuretics (Urinary)

Adjunct therapy in cardiovascular diseases.

Promotes water & sodium excretion in the urine, lowering sodium levels in the blood vessel & reduction in vasoconstriction.



(Brand) Hydrodiuril , Esidrix
(Generic) Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)

Precautions : Patient should take potassium supplements or add bananas or oranges to their diet.

Adverse Reactions : Hypokalemia,hypomagnesemia,
hyperuricemia,hyperglycemia,
hypercalcemia,photosensitivity.



Loop Diuretics (Urinary)

Adjunct therapy in cardiovascular diseases.

Prevent reabsorption of sodium & chloride resulting in urinary excretion of water.



(Brand) Bumex
(Generic) Bumetanide

(Brand) Lasix
(Generic) Furosemide

(Brand) Edecrin
(Generic) Ethacrynic Acid

(Brand) Demadex
(Generic) Tosemide

Adverse Reactions : Low levels of sodium,chloride,magnesium,calcium,& potassium.



Potassium/Sparing Diuretics (Urinary)

Adjunct therapy in cardiovascular diseases.

Exchange of sodium excreted in the urine with potassium in the body.



(Brand) Midamor
(Generic) Amiloride

(Brand) Dyrenium
(Generic) Triamterene

(Brand) Aldactone
(Generic) Spirinolactone

Precautions : Should be avoided by patients taking ACE inhibitors.

Adverse Reactions : Hyperklemia,
arrhythmias,gynecomastia in males.



Combination Diuretic Products (Urinary)

Adjunct therapy in cardiovascular diseases.



(Brand) Ziac
(Generic) Bisoprolol/Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)

(Brand) Dyazide (cap) , Maxide (tab)
(Generic) Triamterene/Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)


Precautions : Should be avoided by patients taking ACE inhibitors.

Adverse Reactions : Hyperklemia.


Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy Agents (BPH) (Urinary)

Relaxation of smooth muscles, including the prostate.



(Brand) Proscar
(Generic) Finasteride

(Brand) Hytrin
(Generic) Terazosin

(Brand) Cardura
(Generic) Doxazosin

(Brand Name Only Available) Uroxatral/Alfuzosin
Minipress/Prazosin Avodart/Dutasteride Flomax/Tamsulosin

Adverse Reactions : Headache,
orthostatic hypotension, dizziness.



Bacteriocidal (Urinary)

Urinary tract infections.

Destroys bacteria that cause urinary tract infections.



(Brand) Urex , Hiprex
(Generic) Methenamine

Precautions : Avoid citrus products & antacids; Sulfonamides are contraindicated.

Local Anesthetic (Urinary)

Pain associated with urinary tract infections.


(Brand) Pyridium / AZO Standard
(Generic) Phenazopyridine

Precautions : Take with an antibiotic for 2 days.


Antispasmodic (Urinary)

Reduces frequency of urination by preventing the contraction of bladder muscles.
(Brand) Ditropan
(Generic) Oxybutynin


Anticholinergic (Urinary)

Reduce frequency of urination by decreasing the volume of urine excreted.
(Brand) Detrol
(Generic) Tolterodine


Membrane Stabilizing Agents (Cardiovascular)

Slow the movement of ions into cardiac cells, reducing the action potential.



(Brand) Norpace
(Generic) Disopyramide

(Brand) Pronestyl
(Generic) Procainamide

(Brand) Quinaglute
(Generic) Quinidine

(Brand) Xylocain
(Generic) Lidocaine

(Brand) Rythmol
(Generic) Propafenone

(Brand) Tambocor
(Generic) Flecainide

(Brand) Mextil
(Generic) Mexiletine

Adverse Reactions : N & V, dizziness.



Neurotransmitter Release & Reuptake Inhibitors (Cardiovascular)

Block the release of various transmitters, prolonging the action potential.



(Brand) Cordarone
(Generic) Amiodarone

(Brand) Betapace
(Generic) Sotalol

Adverse Reactions : Hypotension, bradycardia, mental depression, & decreased sexual ability.



Calcium Channel Blockers (CCB) (Cardiovascular)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : A Very Nice Drug)

Block the movement of calcium through the channels, resulting in relaxatiion of the coronary artery smooth muscle.



(Brand) Cardizem
(Generic) Diltiazem

(Brand) Procardia
(Generic) Nifedipine

(Brand) Isoptin , Calan , Verelen
(Generic) Verapamil

(Brand) Norvasc
(Generic) Amlodipine

Adverse Reactions : Hypotension, bradycardia, heart block, cardiac failure, constipation, headache, & dizziness.



Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors (Cardiovascular)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all end in
-april, -ipril, or -opril
)


Prevent the conversion of Angiotensin I to Angiotensin II, causing an increase in plasma renin & reduction in aldosterone secretion.



(Brand) Lotensin
(Generic) Benzapril

(Brand) Monopril
(Generic) Fosinopril

(Brand) Accupril
(Generic) Quinapril

(Brand) Capoten
(Generic) Captopril

(Brand) Prinivil , Zestril
(Generic) Lisinopril

(Brand) Altace
(Generic) Ramipril

(Brand) Vasotec
(Generic) Enalapril

(Brand) Aceon
(Generic) Perindopril

(Brand) Mavik
(Generic) Trandolapril

Precautions : Potassium sparing effect, therefore potassium levels must be monitored.

Adverse Reactions : Dry, unproductive cough, dizziness, angioedema, hyperkalemia, & postural hypotension.



Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist (A2) (Cardiovascular)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all end in -sartan)

Block the action of Angiotensin II at its receptors.



(Brand) Atacand
(Generic) Candesartan

(Brand) Benicar
(Generic) Olmesartan

(Brand) Avapro
(Generic) Irbesartan

(Brand) Micardis
(Generic) Telmisartan

(Brand) Cozaar
(Generic) Losartan

(Brand) Diovan
(Generic) Valsartan

Adverse Reactions : Dry, unproductive cough, & angioedema.



Nitrates (Cardiovascular)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all have nito or nitrate in the name)

Nitrates dilate the arteries that supply the heart with blood.  In doing so, they increase the flow of blood & oxygen to the heart.  Nitrates also reduce the workload of the heart by decreasing the amount of blood returning to the heart for pumping to the rest of the body.



(Brand) Isordil
(Generic) Isosorbide Dinitrate

(Brand) Imdur
(Generic) Isosorbide Mononitrate

(Brand) Nitrobid , Nitro-Dur , Nitrostat
(Generic) Nitroglycerin

Precautions : Drug should not be discontinued adruptly, must be tapered off.

Adverse Reactions : Orthostatic hypotension & flushing or redness of the face.



Beta Blockers (BB) (Cardiovascular)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all end in -alol, -ilol, or -olol)

Slow the heart rate & decrease the force needed to contract the heart muscle, reducing the workload of the heart.



(Brand) Coreg
(Generic) Carvedilol

(Brand) Corgard
(Generic) Nadolol

(Brand) Tenormin
(Generic) Atenolol

(Brand) Inderal
(Generic) Propanolol

(Brand) Lopressor
(Generic) Metoprolol

(Brand) Betapace
(Generic) Sotalol

Precautions : Drug should not be discontinued abruptly, must be tapered off.

Adverse Reactions : Bronchoconstriction, impotence, fatigue, depression, bradycardia, & heart depression.



Anticoagulation Agents

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all end up in -parin)

Prevent clot formation while maintaining proper coagulation.




(Brand) Fragmin
(Generic) Dalteparin

(Brand) Arixtra
(Generic) Fondaparinux

(Brand) Lovenox
(Generic) Enoxaparin

(Brand) Innohep
(Generic) Tinzaparin

(Brand) Heparin
(Generic) Heparin

(Brand) Coumadin
(Generic) Warfarin

Precautions : Patient must avoid foods high in Vitamin K

Adverse Reactions : Bleeding, urine may take on a red-orange appearance, feces may turn red or black.




HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
(Hyperlipidemic Agents)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all end in -statin)

Prevent the enzyme that triggers the rate limiting step in the synthesis of cholesterol.



(Brand) Pravachol
(Generic) Pravastatin

(Brand) Mevacor
(Generic) Lovastatin

(Brand) Zocar
(Generic) Simvastatin

Precautions : Liver function tests must be performed every 6 months.

Adverse Reactions : GI upset, headache, muscle pain, & fever.



Fibric Acid Derivatives
(Hyperlipidemic Agents)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all have -fibr in their name)

Unknown at this time.



(Brand) Atromid S
(Generic) Clofibrate

(Brand) TriCor
(Generic) Fenofibrate

(Brand) Lopid
(Generic) Gemfibrozil

Adverse Reactions : N & V, headache, diarrhea, skin rash, changes in liver, & kidney function.



Bile Acid Sequestrants
(Hyperlipidemic Agents)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class: they all have -chole or -cole in their name)

Form an non-absorbable complex with the bile acids in the intestine.



(Brand) Questran (Powder)
(Generic) Cholestyramine (Powder)

(Brand) WelChol (Tab)
(Generic) Colesevelan (Tab)

(Brand) Colestid (Tab)
(Generic) Colestipol (Tab)

Adverse Reactions : N & V.



NSAIDS
(Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents) (Non-Narc)

Antipyretic, analgesic, & anti-inflammatory agent.

Prevent the synthesis of prostaglandin preventing the sensitization of pain receptors.



(Brand) Voltaren
(Generic) Diclofenac

(Brand) Nalfon
(Generic) Fenoprofen

(Brand) Toradal
(Generic) Ketorolac

(Brand) Feldene
(Generic) Piroxicam

(Brand) Dolobid
(Generic) Diflunisal

(Brand) Motrin , Advil
(Generic) Ibuprofen

(Brand) Relafen
(Generic) Nabumetone

(Brand) Naprosyn (OTC Alieve) , Anaprox
(Generic) Naproxen

(Brand) Lodine
(Generic) Etodolac

(Brand) Indocin
(Generic) Indomethacin

(Brand) Daypro
(Generic) Oxaprozin

Precautions : Over-usage may lead to ringing in the ears (tinnitus).

Adverse Reactions : Drowsiness, nausea, stomach irritation, abdominal cramps, jaundice, & rash.



Miscellaneous Analgesics
(Non-Narc)



Aspirin (ASA)

Acetaminophen
(Tylynol) (APAP)



Selective 5-HT Receptor Agonist Agents
(Non-Narc)

Migraine headache.

Vasoconstriction due to serotonin receptor stimulation which prevents nerve transmission, resulting in vasodilation of the cranial arteries & increased blood flow.



(Brand) Axert
(Generic) Almotriptan

(Brand) Amerge
(Generic) Naratriptan

(Brand) Zomig
(Generic) Zolmitriptan

(Brand) Relpax
(Generic) Eletriptan

(Brand) Maxalt
(Generic) Rizatriptan

(Brand) Frova
(Generic) Frovatriptan

(Brand) Imitrex
(Generic) Sumatriptan

Adverse Reactions : Chest discomfort, tingling warm sensation, dizziness, & vertigo.



Narcotic / Opiod Analgesic Agents (Narc)

Block the nerve transmission of pain to the brain, resulting in a decrease in pain sensation.



(Brand) Stadol
(Generic) Butorphanol

(Brand) Hycodan
(Generic) Hydrocodone

(Brand) Dolophine
(Generic) Methadone

(Brand) Darvon
(Generic) Propoxyphene HCI

(Brand) Percocet
(Generic) APAP / Oxycodone

(Brand) Vicodin
(Generic) Hydrocodone / APAP

(Brand) Codeine
(Generic) Codeine

(Brand) Dilaudid
(Generic) Hydromorphone

(Brand) MS Contin
(Generic) Morphine

(Brand) Tylenol / Codeine
(Generic) APAP / Codeine

(Brand) Duragesic (Patch)
(Generic) Fentanyl

(Brand) Demerol
(Generic) Meperidine

(Brand) Oxycontin
(Generic) Oxycodone

Precautions : High potential for tolerance & addiction.  May cause sedation, euphoria, or dysphoria while providing analgesia.  Narcotic/Opiod analgesics are controlled substances & must be dispensed according to both federal & state laws.

Adverse Reactions : Respiratory depression, constipation, mental confusion, N & V.



Hypothyroid Agents
(Thyroid Hormone Agents)

Hypothyroidism

Replacement of Thyroid Hormone.



(Brand) Synthroid , Levothroid , Levoxyl
(Generic) Levothyroxine

(Brand) Thyrolar
(Generic) Liotrix

(Brand) Cytomel
(Generic) Liothyrnine

(Brand) Armour Thyroid
(Generic) Thyroid

Precautions :
Patients should undergo thyroid stimulating hormone testing.

Adverse Reations : Cardiotoxicity & hyperthyroidism.



Hyperthyroid Agents
(Thyroid Hormone Agents)

Hyperthyroidism

Slows the secretion of thyroid hormone.



(Brand) Tapazole
(Generic) Methimazole

(Brand) PTU
(Generic) Propylthiouracil

(Brand) Radioactive
(Generic) Iodine

Adverse Reactions : Fever, sore throat, unusual bleeding, bruising, headache, & malaise.



Estrogen
(Hormone Replacement Agents)

Replaces estrogen no longer produced by the ovaries.

Supress the follicle stimulating hormone secretion, which prevents ovulation.



(Brand) Premarin
(Generic) Conjugated Estrogen

(Brand) Activella , Comipatch
(Generic) Estradiol / Norethindrone

(Brand) Ogen
(Generic) Estropipate

(Brand) Prempro , Premphase
(Generic) Conjugated Estrogen / Medroxyprogestrone

(Brand) Estrace , Estraderm , Climara , Vivelle (Patch)
(Generic) Estradiol (Patch)

(Brand) Ortho Prefest
(Generic) Estradiol / Norgestimate

Precautions : Should always be dispensed with a patient package insert.

Adverse Reactions : Nausea, bloating, weight gain, breast tenderness, & possible breakthrough bleeding.



Progestins
(Hormone Replacement Agents)

Menstrual dysfunction, amenorrhea, endometriosis, & uterine bleeding.

Inhibit leutinizing hormone secretion by means of a negative feedback on the hypothalmic.



(Brand) Norplant
(Generic) Levonorgestrel

(Brand) Provera
(Generic) Medroxyprogesterone

(Brand) Micronor
(Generic) Norethindrone

Adverse Reactions : Weight gain, depression, fatigue, acne, & hirsutism.



Oral Contraceptive Agents
(Hormone Replacement Agents)

Normally oral contraceptive agents of a combination of estrogen & progestin.

Prevent ovulation by interfering with the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle.



Biphasic:

(Brand) Lunelle
(Generic) Estradiol Cypionate / Medroxyprogesterone

(Brand) Demulen
(Generic) Ethinyl Estradiol / Ethynodiol Diacetate

(Brand) Levlen , Triphasil
(Generic) Ethinyl Estradiol / Levonorgesterol

(Brand) Ortho Tri Cyclen
(Generic) Ethinyl Estradiol / Norgestimate

(Brand) Yasmin
(Generic) Ethinyl Estradiol/ Drospirenone

(Brand) NuvaRing
(Generic) Ethinyl Estradiol / Etonogestrel

(Brand) Estrostep FE (Chewable)
(Generic) Ethinyl Estradiol / Norethindrone

(Brand) Lo Ovral
(Generic) Ethinyl Estradiol / Norgestrel

Adverse Reactions : Heart attack, stroke, thromboembolic disease, N & V, weight gain, breast tenderness, & depression.



Oral Contraceptive Agents
(Hormone Replacement Agents)



Emergency Contraception:

(Brand) Plan B
(Generic) Levonorgestrel

(Brand) Ovrette
(Generic) Norgestrel



Oral Contraceptive Agents
(Hormone Replacement Agents)



Progestin Only:

(Brand) Ovrette
(Generic) Norgestrel



Oral Contraceptive Agents
(Hormone Replacement Agents)



Parenteral:

(Brand) Lunelle
(Generic) Estradiol Cypionate / Medroxyprogesterone

(Brand) Depo Provera
(Generic) Medroxyprogesterone



Oral Contraceptive Agents
(Hormonee Replacement Agents)



Implant:

(Brand) Norplant
(Generic) Levonorgestrel



Bone Disease Agents

Prevents bone reabsorption by osteoclasts.



(Brand) Fosamax
(Generic) Alendronate

Precautions : Should be taken before first meal, beverage or medication of the day.
Should be taken with 6-8 ounces of water.
Patient should not lie down for 30 minutes after administration.

Adverse Reactions : Esophageal burning if not taken with sufficient amounts of water.


Bone Disease Agents



(Brand) Miacalcin (Nasal Spray)
(Generic) Calcitonin Salmon (Nasal Sray)

Precautions : Patient should alternate nostrils each day.

Adverse Reactions : Weight gain, depression, fatigue, acne, & hirsutism.



Bone Disease Agents

Inhibits estogen receptors.



(Brand) Evista (Only Given to Women)
(Generic) Raloxifene (Only Given to Women)



Corticosteroid Agents

Addison's disease & anytime there is an unwanted inflammation due to allergy or insect bite.

Prevent or reduce the inflammatory process.



(Brand) Diprolene
(Generic) Betamethasone

(Brand) Hydrocortisone
(Generic) Hydrocortisone

(Brand) Deltasone
(Generic) Prednisone

(Brand) Cortone
(Generic) Cortisone

(Brand) Pediapred , Orapred
(Given to children / refrig.)
(Generic) Prednisolone
(Given to children / refrig.)

(Brand) Aristocort
(Generic) Triamcinolone

(Brand) Decadron
(Generic) Dexamethasone

(Brand) Medrol
(Generic) Methylprednisolone

Precautions : Overusage may lead to Cushing's disease.

Adverse Reactions : Stomach irritation, slow wound healing, thinning of skin, peptic ulcer disease, increased infections, reduced white blood cell function, moon face, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia, osteoporosis acne, hirsutism, & cataractsand glaucoma.



Psoriasis
(Topical Agents)

Regulate skin cell production & proliferation.



(Brand) Soriatane
(Generic) Acitretin

(Brand) Tegrin
(Generic) Coal Tar

(Brand) Protopic
(Generic) Tacrolimus

(Brand) Rheumatrex
(Only generic available)
(Generic) Methotrexate

(Brand) Dovonex
(Generic) Calcipotriene

(Brand) Elidel
(Generic) Primecrolimus

Precautions : Hands should be washed after each use.



Acne Vulgaris Agents
(Topical Agents)

Remove keratocytes in the sebaceous follicle, loosening cells at the opening to the ducts, resulting in easy sloughing.



(Brand) Differin (Gel)
(Generic) Adapalene (Gel)

(Brand) Retin A (Gel)
(Generic) Tretinoin (Gel)

(Brand) BenzaClin
(Generic) Benzoyl Peroxide & Clindamycim

(Brand) Azelex
(Generic) Azeleic Acid

(Brand) Renova *
(Generic) Trentinoin *

Precautions : Hands should be washed after each use.



Actinic Keratoses Agents
(Topical Agents)

Antiproliferative agents for skin cancer.



(Brand) Efudue
(Generic) Flourourail (5FU)

(Brand) Actinex
(Generic) Masoprocol

Precautions : May cause temporary burning of the skin.



Anti-fungal Ageents
(Topiical Agents)

(Clue to remember drugs in this class : they all have zolein the name)

Prevent the synthesis of ergosterol, which is needed for the cell membrane.



(Brand) Fungizone
(Generic) Amphotericin B

(Brand) Fulvicin
(Generic) Griseofulvin

(Brand) Ertaczo
(Generic) Sertaconazole

(Brand) Tinactin
(Generic) Tolnaftate

(Brand) Mycolog , Mycostatin
(Generic) Nystatin

(Brand) Lotrimin , Mycelex
(Generic) Clotrimazole

(Brand) Mentax
(Greneric) Butenafine

(Brand) Monistat
(Generic) Miconazole

(Brand) Exelderm
(Generic) Sulconazole

(Brand) Spectazole
(Generic) Econazole

(Brand) Oxistat
(Generic) Oxiconazole

(Brand) Lamisil
(Generic) Terbinafine

Precautions : Pulse dosing is most effective when treating finger & toe nails.



Corticosteroids
(Topical Agents)

Suppress the hypothamic-pituitary axis.



(Brand) Diprolene
(Generic) Betamethasone

(Brand) Topicort
(Generic) Desoximetasone

(Brand) Lidex
(Generic) Fluocinonide

(Brand) Elocon
(Generic) Mometasone

(Brand) Temovate
(Generic) Clobetasol

(Brand) Florone
(Generic) Diflorasone

(Brand) Ultravate
(Generic) Halobetasol

Precautions : Apply sparingly. Do not interchange between ointment & creams, because ointments are stronger.



Antibiotics
(Topical Agents)



(Brand) Topicycline
(Generic) Tetracycline

(Brand) Neosporin
(Generic) Neomycin & Polymixin B

(Brand) MetroGel , MetroCream
(Generic) Metronidazole

(Brand) Cleocin T
(Generic) Clindamycin

(Brand) Triple Antibiotic-Bacitracin & Neomycin & Polymixin B

(Brand) Silvadene
(Generic) Silver Sulfadiazine

(Brand) Bactroban
(Cream no generic available)
(Generic) Mupirocin
(Ointment)

(Brand) T-Stat , Eryderm
(Generic) Eryhtromycin



Glaucoma Agents
(Ophthalmic Agents)

Preparations used to treat common eye conditions, including glaucoma, bacterial, & viral infection, inflamation, & congestion.



(Brand) Alphagan
(Generic) Brimonidine

(Brand) Trusopt
(Generic) Dorzolamide

(Brand) Travatan
(Generic) Travoprost

(Brand) Betoptic
(Generic) Betaxolol

(Brand) Azopt
(Generic) Brinzolamide

(Brand) Xalatan (Needs to be Refrig)
(Generic) Latanoprost (Needs to be Refrig)

(Brand) Lumigan
(Generic) Brimatoprost

(Brand) Timoptic
(Generic) Timolol



Antibiotic Agents
(Ophthalmic Agents)

Preparations used to treat common eye conditions, including glaucoma, baterial, & viral infection, inflammation, & congestion.



(Brand) Ciloxan
(Generic) Ciprofloxacin

(Brand) Belph 10
(Generic) Sulfacetamide Na

(Brand) Graramycin
(Generic) Gentamicin

(Brand) Ocuflox
(Generic) Ofloxacin



Antiviral Agents
(Ophthalmic Agents)

Preparations used to treat common eye conditions, including glaucoma, baterial, & viral infection, inflammation, & congestion.



(Brand) Viroptic
(Generic) Trifluridine

(Brand) Vira A
(Generic) Vidarabine



Mast Cells Stabilizer
(Ophthalmic Agents)

Preparations used to treat common eye conditions, including glaucoma, baterial, & viral infection, inflammation, & congestion.



(Brand) Crolom
(Generic) Cromolyn Na



NSAID Agents
(Ophthalmic Agents)

Preparations used to treat common eye conditions, including glaucoma, baterial, & viral infection, inflammation, & congestion.



(Brand) Voltaren
(Generic) Diclofenac

(Brand) Ocufen
(Generic) Flurbiprofen

(Brand) Acular
(Generic) Ketorolac



Decongestant Agents
(Ophthalmic Agents)

Preparations used to treat common eye conditions, including glaucoma, baterial, & viral infection, inflammation, & congestion.



(Brand) Naphcon
(Generic) Naphazoline



Corticosteriod Agents
(Ophthalmic Agents)

Preparations used to treat common eye conditions, including glaucoma, bacterial, & viral infection, inflammation, & congestion.



(Brand) Ak Dex
(Generic) Dexamethasone

(Brand) Blephamide
(Generic) Sulfacetamide & Prednissolone

(Brand) TobraDex
(Generic) Tobramycin & Dexamethasone
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