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Talk test advises clients to exercise to the point where you can still comfortably __ and if you are out of breath, __.
hold a conversation, reduce the intensity
The lower the initial level of fitness, the __ the rate of increase in aerobic capacity.
greater
Do relatively experienced swimmers generate a heart-rate response that is lower or higher for any effort compared with that of cyclists and runners?
lower
The longer the duration of training, the __ the rate of improvement in aerobic capacity up to a point. If exercise continues beyond that point, cardiovascular benefits may be __.
higher, reduced
Moderate submaximal exercise in healthy individuals does not appear to be significantly affected by a __ to __ percent increase in blood carbon monoxide.
15-Oct
How does age affect increases in aerobic capacity?
Older age isn\\\'t a detriment in itself to increasing aerobic capacity, but training generally shows smaller improvements in aerobic capacity due to lower exercise intensities in older individuals.
Tennis, racquetball, and handball are largely aerobic or anaerobic exercises for the beginning exerciser?
anaerobic
Aerobic dance exercisers generate a heart-rate response that is lower or higher for any effort compared with that of cyclists or runners?
higher
To find the __ place the first two fingers on the adam\\\'s apple and slide gently toward opposite side into groove.
carotid artery
To find the __ place the first two fingers to the outside edge of the eyebrow and slide fingers up and back into soft spot.
temporal artery
To find the __ place the first two fingers on the wrist in line with the thumb and slide along the wrist to the groove.
radial artery
To find the __ place two fingers below the left clavicle, between the anterior deltoid and pectoralis major
apical artery
What is the formula for cardiac output max?
HR max * SV max
What is the formula for oxygen extraction max?
VO2max/cardiac output
What is the formula for VO2max?
cardiac output max * oxygen extraction max
What is the formula for determining protein requirements for the average person?
weight in kg * .8
What is the formula for determining protein requirements for resistance/endurance athletes?
weight in kg * (1.2 to 1.7)
Desirable total cholesterol should be less than __ mg/DL
200
Desirable LDL cholesterol should be less than __ mg/DL
130
Borderline total cholesterol ranges from __ to __ mg/DL
200-240
Borderline LDL cholesterol ranges from __ to __ mg/DL
130-159
High total cholesterol is anything greater than __ mg/DL
240
High LDL cholesterol is anything greater than or equal to __ mg/DL
160
Low HDL cholesterol is considered anything under __ mg/DL
35
Normal systolic blood pressure is less than __ mm/Hg and normal diastolic blood pressure is less than __ mm/Hg.
130, 85
High-normal systolic blood pressure ranges from __ to __ mm/Hg and high-normal diastolic blood pressure ranges from __ to __ mm/Hg.
130-139, 85-89
Hypertensive systolic blood pressure is greater than __ mm/Hg and hypertensive diastolic blood pressure is greater than __ mm/Hg.
139, 89
What is the formula for calculating BMI?
weight in kg/height in m squared
What is considered a healthy BMI range?
19-24
What is considered an overweight BMI range?
25-29
What is considered an obese BMI range?
30-34
What is considered a seriously obese BMI range?
35+
What is the essential body fat range for men and women?
2-5%, 10-13%
What is the athletic body fat range for men and women?
6-13%, 14-20%
What is the fitness body fat range for men and women?
14-17%, 21-24%
What is the healthy body fat range for men and women?
18-24%, 25-31%
What is the obese body fat range for men and women?
25+%, 32+%
The amount of blood that flows from each ventricle in one minute.
cardiac output
Cardiac output is exactly the same from the right and left ventricles (T/F).
TRUE
The amount of blood pumped from each ventricle each time the heart beats.
stroke volume
The percentage of total volume of blood that is pumped out of the left ventricle during systolic contraction of the heart.
ejection fraction
At rest the ejection fraction is only about __% but during work it can increase to __%.
50, 100
The amount of oxygen taken from hemoglobin and used in exercising muscle cells (two names).
oxygen extraction or arterio-venous oxygen difference
The point during high intensity exercise when the body can no longer meet its demand for oxygen and anaerobic metabolism predominates
anaerobic threshold
The total capacity to consume oxygen at a cellular level.
maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max)
Represents an individuals maximum aerobic capacity and depends on 1) delivery of oxygen to working muscle by the blood and 2) the ability to extract oxygen from blood at capillaries and use it in mitochondria
maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max)
The need for minimal equipment, low cost, and space and time efficiency are advantages to which type of equipment?
isometric
Blood pressure escalation, increases in strength only at specifically exercised positions in the movement range, training monotony, and lack of performance feedback are disadvantages to which type of equipment?
isometric
Accommodating resistance forces, speed regulation, detailed performance feedback, and reduced muscle soreness are advantages to which type of equipment?
isokinetic
The cost of equipment, inconsistent force regulation, and lack of eccentric muscle contraction are disadvantages to which type of equipment?
isokinetic
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