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Proprioceptively Enriched Environment
An unstable but controlled environment where exercises are performed that cause the body to use it\\\'s internal balance and stablization mechanisms
Deconditioned
A state of lost physical fitness which may include muscle imbalances decreased flexiblity and or lack of core and joint stability
Proprioception
The cumulitive imput to the central nervous system from machanorecptors that sense position and limb movement
What is Integrated training
a concept that incorporates all forms of training in an integrated fashion as part of a progressive system.
What is the OPT Model
A model used for a society that has more structural imbalances than ever before.A program that systematically progresses any client to any goal.
Phases of Training
Smaller divisions of training progressions that fall within the 3 building blocks of traing
Muscular Endurance
A muscles abilty to contract for an extended period of time
Neuromuscular Efficiency
The ability of the neuromuscular system to efficiently work together in all planes of motion
Prime Mover
The muscle that acts as the initial and main source of motive power
Superset
A set of two exercises that are performed back-to-back without any rest time in between
Rate of Force Production
How qickly a muscle can generate force
Strength Level Emphasis
to maintain Stabilization Endurance while increasing prime mover strength
Stabilization Level Emphasis
to increase muscular endurance and stability while developing optimal communication between the nervous system and the muscular system which is called Neuromuscular Efficiency
Power Level Emphasis
the development of speed and power
Stabilization
The ability of the body\\\'s stabilizing muscles to provide support for joints as well as maintain posture and balance during movement
Neuromuscular Efficiency
The ability of the body\\\'s nerves to send messages to the body\\\'s muscles
Kinetic Chain
\\\"the combination and interrelation of the nervous
Sensory Function
Sence the changes in either the internal or external environment
Integrative Function
Analyze and interpret sensory information
Motor Function
The neuromuscular response to the sensory information
Neuron
the functional unit of the nervous system
Sensory -afferent- Neurons
Transmit nerve impulses from effector sites to the brain or spinal cord
Interneurons
transmit nerve impulses from one neuron to another
Motor -efferent- Neurons
Transmit nerve impulses from the brain and spinal cord to the effector sites
What are the 2 divisions of the Nervous System
The Central and the Peripheral Nervous Systems
The Central Nervous System
composed of the brain and the spinal cord
The Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial and spinal nerves that spread throughout the body
Sensory Receptors
designed to transform environmental stimuli heat light sound etc. into information the brain and spinal cord can interpret
Mechanoreceptors
Sensory receptors responsible for sensing distortion in tissues brought about through stretch compression traction or tension
Muscle Spindle
mechanoreceptors sensitive to change of length and rate of lengthening and will cause contraction of a given muscle
Gogli Tendon Organ
mechanoreceptors sensitive to tension and rate of tension and will cause a given muscle to relax
Skeletal System
The body\\\'s framework composed of bones and joints
Bones
provide a resting ground for muscles and protection of vital organs
Joints
the movable junction where two or more bones meet
Axial Skeleton
portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull rib cage and vertebral column
Appendicular Skeleton
portion of the skeletal system the include the upper and lower extremities
Depression
Flattened or indented portion of bone which can be a muscle attachment site
Process
projection protruding from the bone where muscles tendons and ligaments can attach
Arthrokinematics
joint motion
Synovial Joints
joints that are held together by a joint capsule & ligaments and are most associated with movemant in the body
Nonsynovial Joints
joints that do not have a cavity connective tissue or cartilage
Ligament
\\\"primary connective tissue that connects bones together and provides stability
Muscular System
Series of muscles that move the skeleton
Tendons
Connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and provide an anchor for muscles to produce force
Sarcomere
The functional unit of muscle that produces muscular contraction and consists of repeating sections of Actin and Myosin
Neural Activation
the contraction of a muscle generated by neural stimulation
Motor Unit
A motor neuron and all the muscles it innervates
Neurotransmitter
Chemical messengers that cross synapses to transmit electrical impulses from the nerve to the muscle
Type I Muscle Fiber
\\\"Slow Twitch
Type II-A Muscle Fiber
have a higher oxydative capacity and fatigue more slowly than Type II and type II-B but not as slow as Type I muscle fibers
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