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arrhythmias (dysehythmias)
Abmormal heart rhythms are problems with the conduction or electeical system of the heart.
Atrioventricular block
Bradycardia and heart block. Failure of proper conduction of impulses from the SA node through the AV node to the atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
Heart Failure / Cardiac insufficiency
A syndrome traditionally defined as circulatory congestion as a result of the heart\'s inability to act as an effective pump. Formerly known as CHF
Pulmonary edema / Pleural effusion
An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity between the visceral and parietal pleurae.
Left Ventricular Failure
Left ventricle is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body\'s demands causing decreased cardiac output and pulmonary congestion leading ti an engorged capillaries which leaks and permeates air spce in the lungs.
Right Ventricular Failure
Occurs when the right ventricle is unable to pump effectively against increased pressure in the pulmonary circulation which can be the result of chronic pulmonary disease/pulmonary hypertension or left ventricular failure.
Orthopnea
An abnormal condition in which a person must sit or stand to breath deeply or comfortably.
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
Sudden awakening from sleep because of shortness of breath. usually seen in HF
Digitalis Glycoside
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Pulmonary Edema
The accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most often caused by HF (severe left ventricular dysfunction).
Valvular Heart Disease
Stenosis- thickening of the valve tissue, causing the valve to narrow. Insufficiency - when a valve is unable to close completely.
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