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Adventitious
Abnormal sounds superimposed on breath sounds.
Atelectasis
Collapse of lung tissues, preventing the respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen.
Bronchoscopy
Visual examination of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi using a standard rigid, tubular metal bronchoscope, or a narrower, flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope.
Cor Pumonale
Abnormal cardiac condition characterized by hypertrophy of the right ventricle of the heart as a result of hypertension. of the pulmonary circulation.
Coryza
Acute inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and accessory sinus, usually accompanied by edema of the mucosa and nasal discharge.
Crackles
Short, discrete, interrupted crackling or bubbling adventitious breath sounds heard on auscultation of the chest, most commonly upon inspiration. They are produced by passage of air through the bronchi that contain secretion of exudate or are constricted by spasms or thickening; usually heard during inspiration; formerly called rales.
Cyanosis
Slightly bluish,gray, slatelike, or dark purple discoloration of the skin resulting from the presence of abnormally reduced amounts of oxygenated hemoglobin in blood.
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing; may be caused by disturbances in the lungs, certain heart conditions, and hemoglobin deficiency.
Embolism
An abnormal circulatory condition in which an embolus (e.g., a foreign substance, blood clot, fat, air, or amniotic fluid) travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in a blood vessel.
Empyema
Accumulation of pus in a body cavity, especially the pleural space, as a result of infection.
Epistaxis
Hemorrhage from the nose; nosebleed
Exacerbation
An increase in the seriousness of a disease or disorder; marker by greater intensity in the signs or symptoms of the pt being treated.
Extrinsic
Caused by external factors.
Hypercapnea
Greater than normal amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood.
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