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Isomers
Organic molecules that have identical molecular formulas but differing internal arrangment of atoms.
Inorganic
Associated with non-living matter (no carbon base)
Organic
Association with living things (carbon base)
Carbon Atoms
Have a total of 6 electrons. Only 4 in the outer shell.
Functional Groups
Specific combinations of bonded atoms. Determine activity and polarity of large organic molecules.
Dehydration
Removal of water to connect monomers.
Hydrolysis
Adding water to break polymers down.
Monosaccharides
Single sugar molecule.
Disaccharides
Contains two monosaccharides joined during dehydration.
Polysaccharides
Polymers of monosaccharides.
Glucose + Fructose = ?
Sucrose (found in table sugar)
Sucrose + Sucrose = ?
Maltose(found in malt sugar)
What kind of fat is blubber?
Saturated Fat.
Trigylcerides
Long-term energy storage. Three fatty acids attached to each glycerol molecules.
Phosopholipids
2 fatty acids instead of 3. Third fatty acid is replaced by phosphate group.
Steroids
Skeletons of 4 fused carbon rings.
Waxes
Long chain fatty acid bonded to a long chain alchol.
Peptide Bond
COOH of an AA covalently bonds to the HH2 of the next AA.
Dipeptide Bond
2 AAs bonded together.
Tripeptide Bond
3 AAs bonded together.
Polypeptide Bond
Many AAs bondeed together.
Primary
The sequence of amino acids.
Secondary
The way the amino acid chain coils or folds.
Tertiary
Overall 3 dimmensional shape of a polypeptide.
Quarternary
Consists of more than one polypeptide.
What does DNA contain?
Adenine, Cytosine, Tyomine, Guanine.
What does RNA contain?
Adenine, Cytosine, Juanine, Urocil.
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