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During a speech, an audience member stands up and asks a question, to everyone's surprise. According to your text, is the audience member's behavior appropriate?
No; the audience member did not maintain clearly defined roles of speaker and listener.
Anxiety about a speech assignment decreases and confidence increases when speakers closely follow the directions and rules for developing a speech.
True
If you have had previous experience in public speaking , you tend to be less sensitive to apprehension, and you have a lower heart rate when speaking, what is likely to be your style of communication apprehension?
insensitive
Which of the following skills learned in a public-speaking course are among the skills most sought after by an employer?
all of these
If you delivered an already famous address of the British orator Edmund Burke, you would be practicing the art of
declamation.
In the few minutes before you address your listeners, mentally reviewing your major ideas, your introduction, and your conclusion can actually cause more fear about the public speaking situation.
False
This is the expression of emotion through posture, movement, gestures, facial expression, and voice.
elocution
With this style of communication apprehension, you have the highest heart rate when speaking publicly; some people use this high level to enhance their performance and use the fear to motivate them to prepare and be at their best.
inflexible
An audience member is worried about an upcoming exam and is unlikely to remember much of what the speaker says. This is a type of
internal noise.
Realize that as you experience nervousness that your audience cannot see evidence of everything you feel.
True
Which one of the following is NOT a true comment about the introduction in relation to managing nervousness and anxiety?
You should memorize the introduction word for word.
Having the resources, information, and attitudes that lead to action in achieving a desired goal is
empowerment
According to several recent studies quoted in your text, the most important skills employers are seeking in college graduates are
good speaking and presentation skills.
Public speaking is more formal than conversation.
True
In his speech about volunteering for the American Red Cross, Jacob used a lot of slang words, sat and leaned on the table in front of the class, and was dressed very casually. Which of the following statements best describes this situation?
Jacob ignored the rule that public speaking is more formal than conversation.
Elocution is the delivery of an already famous speech.
False
What style of communication apprehension do you have if, like many people, you have a very high heart rate as you begin presenting a speech, and then your heart rate tapers off to more average levels?
confrontation
Speakers who are less anxious about speaking put off working on their speeches, in contrast to speakers who are more apprehensive about public speaking.
False
The more you anticipate the kind of reaction your listeners will have to your speech, the more anxiety you will acquire about delivering your speech.
False
To be effective, public speakers need to understand, affirm, and adapt to diverse audiences.
True
The four styles of communication apprehension include: (1) average, (2) sensitive, (3) inflexible, and (4) confrontation.
False
The receiver of the message is the individual audience member, whose decoding of the message depends on the other audience members receiving the message and their past experiences.
False
When speakers tense and relax their muscles while waiting for their turn to speak, without calling attention to what they are doing, this reflects a strategy of coping with nervousness your text refers to as
channeling your nervous energy.
Practicing your speech several times before you deliver it is part of being effectively prepared.
True
Most speakers who procrastinate in preparing their speeches
will feel more speaker apprehension.
During the first day of speeches you had a bad sinus infection and your ears were plugged so you couldn't hear the speakers. You were experiencing
physiological noise.
An example of how the nonverbal communication of public speakers is more formal than nonverbal behavior in ordinary conversation is that people engaged in ordinary conversation
gesture spontaneously.
Translating ideas and images in the speaker's mind into verbal or nonverbal messages that an audience can understand is termed
encoding.
The context of a public-speaking experience includes such elements as
all of these.
This is another term for the use of words and symbols to achieve a goal
rhetoric
One way public speaking and conversation are similar is that both are
audience-centered.
A speaker transmits a message through two channels:
visual and auditory.
People in conversation may alternately talk and listen, and don't interrupt one another, but in public speaking the roles of speaker and audience aren't as clearly defined.
False
The environment or situation in which a speech occurs is known as
context.
While researching, Gabe found a tragic story about a young girl who died from a drunk driving accident. In presenting his speech, Gabe told the story as if this girl was his sister. The speech was quite moving and afterward everyone told Gabe how sorry they were for his family. At this time, he told them it wasn't really his sister but thought that telling it that way was more effective for this speech. Why is this unethical?
Gabe violated an ethical principle that requires speakers to be honest.
In the 1950s, Senator Joseph McCarthy convinced the American public that Communists were infiltrating every aspect of their lives by
distorting the truth and manipulating emotions.
When a speaker is spewing messages filled with hatred and bias, it is inappropriate for you to communicate your disapproval by frowning, looking away, or walking out.
False
While listening to a classmate's speech, Sean began to think that the speaker was citing sources that were biased. Sean began to shake his head and frown. What was Sean doing in this instance?
listening critically and giving feedback to the speaker
While it is a freedom, free speech is not protected by law.
False
When citing your sources orally in a speech, you should
state briefly the author, title, year.
This type of speech or speech act is legally protected
free speech.
What must balance the right to free speech?
the responsibility of speaking ethically
Ralph found an excellent source for his speech on organic gardening. He brought the author's scientific evidence on earthworms and ladybugs into his speech outline. Is this ethical?
Yes; this is ethical as long as Ralph cites his source orally within the speech.
In a persuasive speech, you tell a hypothetical story in your introduction and represent it as actually happening to you. Is this appropriate?
No, because you are violating an ethical principle which requires that speakers be honest.
It is sometimes tempting to resort to false claims to gain power over others, but it is always unethical to do so.
True
A hypothetical illustration is considered unethical because it is false information.
False
The student who refuses to cheat on a test, the employee who will not call in sick to gain an extra day of vacation, and the property owner who does not claim more storm damage than she actually suffered have all made choices based on ethics.
True
With regard for those "gray areas" of ethics pertaining to the use of sources in a speech, your text suggests
when in doubt, document all of your sources in a speech.
Ethical public speaking is inherently audience-centered.
True
You are still ethical if you avoid presenting information that could be potentially damaging to your case.
False
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