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Lifting key passages from sources you do not credit in your speech is an unethical practice known as
In a speech on breast cancer, you decide to use the latest information from the National Breast Cancer Foundation website, What is the proper way to cite this source in your speech?
"The National Breast Cancer Foundation in 2004 stated..."
When a person decides not to overestimate or falsify an insurance claim just to have the extra money, this action is based on the individuals
code of ethics.
The U. S. Constitution states, "Congress shall make no law...abridging the freedom of speech." This is part of the
First Amendment.
Eric wanted to use an excerpt from a Nightline episode, as both an audiovisual aid and a source for his speech. But he only agreed with and wanted to use one of the two guests' interaction with Ted Koppel, so he edited out the second guest and showed the edited videotape. Was this ethical?
No; this kind of "sound biting" violates the ethical guideline of using sound evidence and reasoning.
Critical listening means that you, as a listener,
hold the speaker to his or her ethical responsibilities.
Plagiarism is considered to be one of the most troublesome violations of public speaking ethics.
According to the National Communication Association, this is fundamental to responsible thinking, decision making, and the development of relationships and communities within and across contexts, cultures, channels, and media. This is
ethical communication.
When Aaron gave his speech on capital punishment, he noticed quizzical, confused looks on audience members' faces when he offered statistics about capital punishment as a deterrent to crime. Is there any ethical violation in this example?
No; listeners were behaving ethically by communicating nonverbally their feedback to the speaker.
In 1989, the Supreme Court overturned a statute that made burning the United States flag illegal because
they found it to be a "speech act" protected by the First Amendment.
As ethical listeners, audience members must
expect a coherent, organized, complete presentation.
Plagiaphrasing is failing to give credit for compelling phrases taken from another source.
When speakers consider beliefs, values, and moral principles when writing and presenting a speech, they are
speaking ethically.
Marty is having problems coming up with an idea for a speech. He knows his fraternity keeps files of old tests, papers, and speeches and decides to look through these for an idea. He finds a great speech about bats, their value to ecology, and their habitat. He likes this speech so much that he decides to use it largely intact but goes to the Internet to update the sources. Which of the following statements best describes this situation?
This is an ethical violation known as plagiarism.
Speakers who bring in false claims and tug at the emotions of the audience, instead of using sound evidence and logical arguments, are examples of
unethical speakers.
Tee gave an informative speech on the poor drinking water conditions of local water. He brought in a test kit and presented statistics that proved local water was dangerous to drink. He advised the class to purchase a certain type of water filter pitcher guaranteed to remove these impurities. At the end of his speech, he mentioned that he worked for the company that made the pitcher and had them for sale. What was Tee's mistake?
Tee violated the ethical guideline of having a responsible goal for a speech.
If your overall objective is to inform or persuade, it is probably ethical; if your goal is to coerce or manipulate, it is unethical.
Making an effort to understand the needs, goals, and interests of both the speaker and other audience members can help you judge how to react appropriately and ethically as a listener.
As the boundaries of free speech decrease, the importance of free speech increases.
Hypothetical illustrations within a speech are
acceptable to show what might happen, as long as the speaker is clear that it is hypothetical.
You should not communicate to the speaker through nonverbal feedback during a speech.
Our beliefs, values, and moral principles by which we determine what is right or wrong are our
Your time limit, topic, and the information gleaned from your research will determine how many major ideas will be in your speech.
The purpose of an introduction is
to get the audience's attention and provide an overview.
Shantal had a speech to prepare. She selected a topic, did her research, and sat down to draft the speech. She wrote out the introduction first, then wrote a version of the intro that she would use as a conclusion. Then she outlined the main points of the body of the speech. Is this a "textbook" way to organize a speech?
No; your text suggests to start with the body of the speech first, then go back and draft the intro.
You do not need to be aware of your audience's responses during the speech -- just during your preparation.
If you say Frito-Lay sells 2.6 billion pounds of snack food each year, and add that 2.6 billion pounds is triple the weight of the Empire State Building, you've
related abstract statistics to something tangible.
The specific purpose of speeches
is what the speaker wants the audience to remember, do, or feel after the speech.
Jason had thoroughly researched his speech on the art of tattooing. He had many different types of supporting material; the speech was well organized. He was certain that this was a great speech. In the library, right before the speech, he printed out his complete outline. When presenting his speech to the class, he had to read from his outline and became nervous and anxious. Which of the following statements best pertains to this situation?
Jason didn't rehearse his speech aloud and on his feet.
As you continue to work on your speech, you should not modify your purpose.
If you learn to analyze your audience and adapt to their expectations, you can apply these skills to job interviews, business presentations, city council election campaigns, or other settings.
If the central idea is "There are three ways to interpret the stock-market page of your local newspaper," and you organize the speech into three parts, which method are you using to generate the main ideas?
logical divisions
At any point during the preparation and delivery of your message, you may need to revise your thinking or your material if you learn new information about your audience.
The ability to develop or discover ideas that result in new insights or new approaches to old problems is referred to as
What aspect of speech preparation contains the one-sentence summary or the essence of your message?
the central idea
In a speech about voting trends, Michael cited recent statistics, but made no attempt to appeal to the audience's sense of patriotism or to encourage them to vote more regularly. What is Michael's general purpose in this speech?
to inform
Always concentrate on communicating effectively with your audience, not on dazzling your listeners with glitzy presentation displays.
Often the key to an effective entertaining speech lies in your choice of stories, examples, and illustrations, as well as in your delivery.
Shantal had a speech to prepare. She selected a topic, did her research, and sat down to draft the speech. She wrote out the introduction first, then wrote a version of the intro that she would use as a conclusion. Then she outlined the main points of the body of the speech. Is this a "textbook" way to organize a speech?
No; your text suggests to start with the body of the speech first, then go back and draft the intro.
In her introduction, Monique makes the statement, "If you learn the Heimlich maneuver in my speech today, it is possible that you could save the life of your mother, your father, or your best friend." You recognize this statement as
a specific-purpose statement.
Besides sight, supporting material can appeal to touch, hearing, and smell -- but should not include taste.
One of the most important things you can do to be an effective speaker is to start preparing your speech well in advance of your speaking date.
Supporting material should not be personal; it should be concrete and should appeal to your listeners' senses.
Ads on TV, radio, and the Internet, sermons, political speeches, and sales presentations are examples of messages designed to
Being audience-centered involves making decisions about the content and delivery of your speech before you speak, based on knowledge of your audience's values, beliefs, and knowledge.
Looking for logical divisions in your speech topic is the simplest way to determine key points.
The three major divisions of a speech are
the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.
Lateshiya was planning a dental hygiene speech for the third graders at Thompson Elementary. She would be telling them how to brush and care for their teeth in a ten to fifteen minute speech. This is a topic she is very comfortable with because she is the dental assistant to Dr. Smith, the local dentist. In order to select the appropriate topic for the time allowed, Lateshiya should consider
the audience, the occasion, and the speaker.
After-dinner speeches and comic monologues are mainly intended to
Audience analysis is something you do only at the beginning of preparing your speech.
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