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acute stress disorder
Disorder that occurs within 4 weeks after a traumatic event and last for a minimum of 2 days and a maximum of 4 weeks.
adjustment disorder
A disorder in which a person's response to a common stressor is maladaptive and occurs within 3 months of the stressor.
allostatic load
The biological cost of adapting to stress.
A foreign body or an internal threat that can trigger an immune response.
A type of white blood cell, produced in the bone marrow, that produce specific antibodies to specific antigens.
behavioral medicine
Broad interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of physical disorders thought to have psychological factors as major aspects in their causation and/or maintenance.
coping strategies
Efforts to deal with stress.
Human stress hormone released by the cortex of the adrenal glands.
Stressful situation that approaches or exceeds the adaptive capacities of an individual or group.
crisis intervention
Provision of psychological help to an individual or group in times of severe and special stress.
Small protein molecules that enable the brain and the immune system to communicate with each other. Can augment or enhance an immune system response or cause immunosuppression.
debriefing sessions
Brief, directive treatment method that is used in helping people who have undergone a traumatic situation.
Negative stress, associated with pain, anxiety, and sorrow.
essential hypertension
High blood pressure with no specific known physical cause.
health psychology
Subspeciality within behavioral medicine that deals with psychology's contributions to diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of psychological components of physical dysfunction.
High blood pressure, defined as persisting systolic blood pressure of 140 or more and diastolic blood pressure of 90 or greater.
hypothalamic-pituitary adrenocortical (HPA)
Hormonal feedback system that becomes activated by stress and results in the production or cortisol.
immune system
The body's principle means of defending itself against the intrusion of foreign substances.
A down-regulation or dampening of the immune system. This can be short or long term and can be triggered by injury, stress, illness, and other factors.
Generalized term for white blood cells involved in immune protection.
positive psychology
A new field that focuses on human traits and resources that are politically important for health and well-being.
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Disorder that occurs following an extreme traumatic event, in which a person reexperience the event, avoids reminders of the trauma, anf exhibits persistent increased arousal.
prolonged exposure
A behaviorally oriented treatment strategy in which the patient is asks to vividly recount the traumatic event over and over until there is a decrease in their emotional response.
Study of the interactions between the immune system and the nervous system and the influence of these factors on behavior.
Effects created within an organism by the application of a stressor.
stress-inoculation training
Preventive strategy that prepares people to tolerate an anticipated threat by changing the things they say to themselves before the crisis.
stress tolerance
A person's ability to withstand stress without becoming seriously impaired.
Adjustive demands that require coping behavior on the part of an individual or group.
sympathetic-adrenomedullary (SAM) system
System designed to mobilize resources and prepare for a flight-or-fight response.
A type of white blood cell that, when activated, can recognize specific antigens.
Type A pattern
Excessive competitive drive even when it is unnecessary, impatience or time urgency, and hostility.
Type D personality
Characterized by high levels of negative emotions and social anxiety.
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