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agoraphobia
Fear of being in places or situations where panic attack may occur, and from which escape would be physically difficult or psychologically embarrassing, or in which immediate help would be unavailable in the event that some mishap occurred.
amygdala
A collection of nuclei that are almond-shaped which lie in front of the hippocampus in the limbic system of the brain. It is involved in regulation of emotion and is critically involved in the emotion of fear.
anxiety
A general feeling of apprehension about possible danger.
anxiety disorder
An unrealistic, irrational fear or anxiety of disabling intensity.
anxiety sensitivity
A personality trait involving a high level of belief that certain bodily symptoms may have harmful consequences.
blood-injection-injury phobia
Persistent and disproportionate fear of the sight of blood or injury, or the possibility of having an injection. Afflicted persons are likely to experience a drop in blood pressure and sometimes faint.
cognitive restructuring
Cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques that aim to change a person's negative or unrealistic thoughts and attributions.
compulsions
Overt repetitive behaviors or more covert mental acts that a person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession.
exposure therapy
Controlled exposure to a specific object fear.
exteroceptive conditioning
Externalized conditioning associated with higher arousal or anxiety.
fear
A basic emotion that involves the activation of the "fight-or-flight" response of the sympathetic nervous system.
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Chronic excessive worry about a number of events or activities, with no specific threat present, accompanied by at last three of the following symptoms: restlessness, fatigue, difficultly concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, sleep disturbance.
interoceptive conditioning
Internalized conditioning associated with higher arousal or anxiety.
neurosis
Term historically used to characterize maladaptive behavior resulting from intrapsychic conflict and marked by prominent use of defense mechanism.
obsessions
Persistent and recurrent intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses that a person experiences as disturbing and inappropriate but difficulty suppressing.
obsessive-compulsive-disorder (OCD)
Anxiety disorder characterized by the persistent intrusive thoughts or distressing images; these are usually accompanied by compulsive behaviors designed to neutralize the obsessive thoughts or images or to prevent some dreaded event or situation.
panic disorder
Occurrence of repeated unexpected panic attacks, often accompanied by intense anxiety about having another one.
panic provocation procedures
A variety of biological challenge producers that provoke panic attacks as higher rates in people with panic disorder than in people without panic disorder.
phobia
Persistent and disproportionate fear of some specific object or situation that presents little or no actual danger.
prepared learning
Fears not inherited or innate but are easily acquired and resistant to extinction.
social phobia
Fear of situations in which a person might be exposed to the scrutiny of others and fear of acting in a humiliating or embarrassing way.
specific phobia
Persistent or disproportionate fears of various objects, places, or situations such as fears of other species or aspects of the environment.
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