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Absolute Construction
A construction that consists of a noun and a modifier and modifies the rest of the sentence
Allegory
Story in which people
Allusion
A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work
Ambiguity
Multiple meanings a literary work may communicate
Aphorism
A brief statement which expresses an observation on life
Apostrophe
Direct address
Attitude
A speaker\'s
Autobiography
An author\'s account of his or her own life
Biography
An accurate history of a single person
Climax
Point of highest interest in a novel
Compound Sentence
A compound sentence is composed of at least two independent clauses
Complex Sentence
A sentence with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause (subordinating clause) is referred to as a complex sentence. The dependent clause is introduced by either a subordinate conjunction such as although
Connotation
The implications of a word or phrase
Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds with differing vowel sounds in words near each other in a line or lines of poetry.
Convention
A device of style or subject matter so often used that it becomes a recognized means of expression. Ex. a lover observing the literary love conventions cannot eat or sleep and grows pale and lean.
Coordinating Conjunction
The seven of them are used as connecting words at the beginning of an independent clause are: and
Couplet
A stanza of two lines
Denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word
Dependent Clause
Cannot stand alone as a sentence. For example
Diction
Word choice
Didactic
Explicitly instructive
Digression
The use of material unrelated to the subject of a work
Elegy
A lyric poem lamenting death
Epigram
Pithy saying
Euphemism
A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness
Figurative Language
Writing that uses figures of speech such as metaphor
Genre
A literary form
Grotesque
Characterized by distortions or incongruities. The fiction of Poe is often described as.....
Hyperbole
Deliberate exaggeration
Imagery
Images that figurative language evokes or the visual
Independent Clause
Expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. For example
Irony
Figure of speech in which intent and actual meaning differ. Verbal irony is saying the opposite of what one means. Praise for blame
Jargon
Special language of a profession or group
Literal
Not figurative; accurate to the letter; matter of fact or concrete
Lyrical
Songlike
Metaphor
Figurative language in which a comparison is expressed without the use of a comparative term like as
Narrative Techniques
Procedures used in the telling of a story ex. point of view
Novel
A fictional narrative in prose of considerable length. Shorter works are called novellas
Omniscient Point of View
Knows thoughts of the characters
Oxymoron
A combination of opposites; the union of contradictory terms ex. Romeo\'s line \"feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health\"
Parable
Story designed to suggest a principle
Paradox
A statement that seems to be self-contradicting but
Parody
A composition that imitates the style of another composition normally for comic effect.
Personification
A figurative use of language which endows the nonhuman with human characteristics
Phoneme
The smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language.
Plot
The interrelated actions of a play or a novel which move to a climax and a final resolution
Point of View
Any of several possible vantage points from which a story is told. May be omniscient
Rhetorical Techniques
Devices used in effective or persuasive language. The most common examples include devices like contrast
Rhetorical Questions
A question asked for effect
Satire
Writing that seeks to arouse a reader\'s disapproval of an object by ridicule. Satire is usually comedy that exposes errors with an eye to correcting vice and folly
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