Society is composed of inter-related, mutually dependent parts.
Structures and funtions maintain a society's or group's stability, cohesion, and continuity.
Dysfuntional activities that threaten a society's or group's survival are controlled or eliminated.
THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE OF CONFLICT
Life is a continuous struggle between the "haves" and the "have nots"
People compete for limited resources that are controlled by a small number of powerful groups
Society is based on inequality in terms of ethnicity, race, social class, and gender
THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE OF FEMINIST
Women experience wide-spread inequality in society because, as a group, they have little power
Gender, ethnicity, race, age, sexual orientation, and social class-rather than a person's intelligence and ability-explain many of our social interactions and lack of access to resources
social change is possivle only if we change our institutional structures and our day-to-day interactions
THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE OF SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONIST
People act on the basis of the meaning they attribute fo others
meaning grows out of the social interaction that we have with others
People continuously reinterpret and reevaluate their knowledge and information in their everyday encounters
FOUNDING FATHERS IN SOCIOLOGY
INSIGHTS OF MAX WEBER
subjective understanding of behavior,
INSIGHTS OF AUGUSTE COMPTE
"STUDIES MUST BE"
EMPIRICAL": info based on observations, experiments, or experiences rather than ideology,religion.or intuition.
SOCIAL STATICS:order/the same
INSIGHTS OF EMILE DURKHEIM
SOCIAL FACTS: aspects of life external of the individual
SOCIAL SOLIDARITY:social cohesiveness and harmony, is maintained by
DIVISION OF LABOR: interdependence of different tasks and occupations
INSIGHTS OF KARL MARX
WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY?
THE SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF SOCIAL INTERACTION AT A VARIETY OF LEVELS.
WHAT IS THEORY?
A SET OF STATEMENTS THAT EXPLAINS WHY A PHENOMENON OCCURS.
WHAT IS VERSTEHEN?
CONCEPT OF SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION C. Wright Mills
IS THE ABILITY TO SEE THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL LIVES AND LARGER SOCIAL INFLUENCES
structural issues (public and historical)
WHAT ARE NORMS?
are societys specific rules of right and wrong behavior.
tell us what we should or should not do.
CHARACTERISTIC OF NORMS
Most are unwritten.
they are instrumental.
some are explicit while others are implicit.
they change over time.
most are conditional.
can be rigid or flexible.
THREE TYPES OF NORMS
FOLKWAYS: norms that members of society look upon as not being critical and that they may be bnroken without sever punishment.
mores: norms that society considers very improtant because they maintain morals and ethics.
LAWS: norms that are defined and enforced by a political authority.
WHAT IS SUI GENERIS?
Specific, Can not be compared.
Social patterns that have a negative impact on a group or society.
Functions that are intended and recongized; they are present and clearly evident.
Functions that are unintended and unrecognized; they are present but not immediately obvious.
The degree to which a measure is accurate and really measures what it claims to measure.
The consistency with which the same measure produces similar results time after time.
A statement of a relationship between two or more variables that researchers want to test.
A characteristic that determines or has an effect on the dependent variable.
The outcome, which may be affected by the independent variable
A characteristic that can change in value or magnitude under different conditions.
The steps in the research prosess that include careful data collection, exact measurement, accurate recording and analysis of the findings, thoughtful interpretation of results, and, when appropriate, a generalization of the findings to a large group.
STAGES OF SCIENTIFIC METHOD
explanation of results
The study of small-scale patterns of individuals' social interaction in specific settings
The study of large-scale patterns and processes that characterize society as a whole.