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Abstract is
Summary of hypotheses, methods and results
Introduction outlines....(4)
Research questions Reviews past research Theory Introduces formal hypotheses
Methods describe
Participants procedure and materials used
Results describe.....
What was found Tables Graphs Statistics
Discussion is when we ask
Are results consistent with hypotheses?
Goals of science are....
Description Explanation Application
Two research designs....
Correlational Experimental
Testing a theory order
Theory hypotheses Empirical research Confidence increases or decreases Either discard, or keep modifying (even+)
Case study is
Description of a single person or an event, use to study rare or unusual cases
Advantage of a case study?
Able to study \"impossible\" studies Create theories
Disadvantages of a case study?
Observer bias may not be consistent
Observation is
Systematic recording of specific behavior in a particular setting record behavior objectively and precisely
Naturalistic observation?
Less control over situation More natural behavior
Lab observation?
More control but more artificial behavior
Psychological tests assess
Mental aptitude, personality traits& abilities
Psychological tests are given...
Twice, samE test
Criterion validity is
Predicting other measures of the trait
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