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Animism
That all inanimate objects are given living meaning
The realization that something out of sight still exists, occurs in the later stages of the sensorimotor stage of development
Object permanence
Egocentric
Speech occurs when the child talks just for fun and cannot see another's point of view
If any part of an object or situation changes, the whole thing has changed
Global organization
Where should the pulse be palpated on a infant under the age of one?
Brachial
Per Piaget cognitive development therory, the child has the ability to ?
Think abstractly and solve problems
According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, in the preconventional level is thought to be motivated by
PUNIMENT and REWARD -If the child is obedient and is not punished, then he or she is being moral. The child sees actions as either good or bad. If the child's actions are good, the child is praised. If the child's actions are bad, the child is punished
According to Freud, human development. The oral stage occurs at what age, what happends durring this stage?
-0 to 1 years old -The infant in concerned with her own gratification -When gratification of basic needs are met, a sense of trust & security begins
According to Freud, human development- The Anal stage occurs at what age and what happends during this stage?
- 1 to 3 years old -Toilet training occurs during this period -The child gains pleasure from both emilination & retention of feces
According to Freud, human development- The Phallic stage occurs at what age, and happend during this stage?
-3 to 6 years old -have pleasurable & conflicting feelings associated with genital organs -masturbation
What is the the Oedipus complex? What stage of Freud's develpoment does this fit into?
The child's unconscious sexual attraction to the parent of the opposite sex, and the wishe to remove the parent of the same sex -Phallic stage (3-6years old)
According to Freud, human development- The Latency stage occurs at what age, and what happends during this stage?
-6 to 12 years old -Tapering off of conscious biological and sexual urges
According to Freud, human development- The Genital stage occurs at what age, and what happends during this stage?
-12 years and beyond -Onset of puberty - Gain gratificaion from his of her own body -individual develops sexual and emotional relationships with members of the opposite sex - Plans life goal and develops a sense of personal indenity
The anterior fontanel on an infants should close by what age?
12-18 months
The posterior fontanel on an infants should close by what age?
2-3 months of age
What is a magjor symptom of Hydrochephalus in a infant?
Anterior fontanel are tense, bulgingm and non pulsating
A diagnosis of bacterial meningitis, what needs to be tested and what is the findings?
-CSF obtained by lumbar puncture -Increased pressure -Cloudy CSF with high protein level, & low glucose level
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Trust vs. Mistrust, occurs in what age group, what is the task and the unsuccessful resolution of this crisis?
-0-18 Task: Attachment to the mother, and trust in people Unsuccessful Resolution: General difficulties relating to people effectively; suspicion; trust-fear conflict, fear of the future
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt occurs in what age group, what is the task and the unsuccessful Resolution of this crisis?
- 18 months to 3 years old Task: Gaining some basic control over self and enviroment Unsuccessful Resolution: Independence- fear conflict, severe feelings of self dobut
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Initiative vs. Guilt occurs in what age group, what is the task and the of this unsuccessful resolution of this crisis?
-3 to six years old Task: Becoming purposeful and directive Unsuccessful Resolution: Aggression-fear conflict, sence of inadequacy or guilt
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Industry vs. Inferiority occurs in what age group, what is the task and the unsuccessful resolution of this crisis?
- 6 to 12 years old Task: Developing social, physical, and school skills Unsuccessful Resolution: Sense of Inferiority; difficulty learning and working
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Identity vs. Role occurs in what age group, what is the task and the unsuccessful resolution of this crisis?
-12-20 years old Task: Developing sense of indentity Unsuccessful Resolution: Confusion about who one is; idenity submerged in relationships or group members
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Intimacy vs. Isolation occurs in what age group, what is the task and the unsuccessgul resolution of this crisis?
-20-35 years olds Task: Establishing intimate bonds of love and frienship Unsucessful Resolutions: Emotional isolation, egocentricity
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Generativity vs. Stagnation occurs in what age group, what is the task and the unsuccessfuk resolution of this crisis?
-35-65 years old Task: Fulfiling life goals that invole family, career, and society Unsuccessful Resolution: Self absorption, inability to grow as a person
In Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial development Integrity vs.Despair occurs in what age group, what is the task and the unsuccessful resolution of this crisis?
-65 years old to death Task: Looking back over ones life and accepting its meaning Unsuccessful Resolution: Dissatisfaction with life
The hospitalized infant and toddler may exhibit what types of behavior?
- Separation Anxiety: Cries, scream, searches for parent - Despair: Withdrawn, depressed, uninterested in the enviroment - The toddler may become detached from the parent in effort to escape emotional pain of desiring the parents presence - Fear of injury and pain - Loss of control: The toddler may demonstrate regression
The hospitalized Preschooler may exhibit what type of behavior?
Separation Anxiety: as s stress increases, the ability to separate from the parents decreases - Protest: May displace feelingd onto others - Quietly withdrwan, depressed and uninterested in the enviroment - Fear of pain and injury: Fears invasive procedures and mutilation. -Loss of control- Likes familar routines; may show some regression if not allowed to maintain some control
Where are Wilm's tumors found?
On the Kidneys
What are the clinical manifestations of Wilm's Tumor, and what should be avoided?
-Fever, hematuria, and hypertension - Avoid palpating the abdomen for mass. Excessive manipulation can cause seeding of the tumor and cause the spread of the cancerous cells
Occurs when one or both testes fail to descend through the inguinal canal into the scrotal sac
Crytorchidism
What is the preffered muscle to give IM injection for newborns?
Lateral aspect of the middle third of the vastus lateralis muscle
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