keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
Define:

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology

  • Morphology


  • Anatomy- science of body structure

  • Physiology- study of body function

  • Morphology- Study of body form

Define:

  • Gross Anatomy

  • Microscopic anatomy

  • Ultrastructural anatomy


  • Gross Anatomy- large enough to see with the naked eye

  • Microscopic anatomy- up to 1000x magnification

  • Ultrastructural anatomy- beyond 1000x magnification

State the (8) different techniques used to study anatomy

  • State if it is (Invasive, harmful, and if you recieve a hard copy image)


  • Palpation- NONE

  • Radiography- potentially harmful/ hard copy

  • Ultrasound- Hard copy

  • Surgery- All of the above

  • Ausculation- NONE

  • Percussion- NONE

  • MRI- Hard copy image

  • Injection/ Maceration- (Must be dead first)

What is the reference book for the correct anatomical terminology called?
Nomina Anatomica
(DO NOT forget to underline if writing it on paper)
State the Taxonomy Classes

  • Kingdom

  • Phyllum

  • Subphyllum

  • Class

  • Order

  • Family

  • Genius

  • Species

State the Subdivisions of each (In order)

  • Animilia

  • Chordata

  • Vertebrates

  • Mammilia

  • Primates

  • Hominidae

  • Homo

  • Sapiens

Which 6 anatomical characteristics are humanoid? And which one is DISTINCTLY human?

  • Brain Size- (Brain/ Body Ratio) distinctly human

  • Bipedal

  • Opposable thumbs

  • Vocal organ

  • Crooked teeth

  • Stereoscopic vision

What characteristics seperate humans individually?

  • Age

  • Sex

  • race

  • state of health

  • individual variations

List the 10 levels of organization in higher organisms

  • Give examples of each


  • Subatomic particals- Neutrons, electrons, protons

  • Elements- Na, K, c, O2

  • Inorganic compounds- H20, ammonia

  • Organic compounds- Carbon

  • Biological macromolecules- lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, polysacharides

  • Organelles- golgi complex, ribosomes, lysosomes, mitochondria

  • Cells- osteoclasts, neurons

  • Tissue- muscle, nervous, epithelium, connective tissues

  • Organs- femur bone, heart, kidney, brain

  • Systems- Digestive, Respiratory, Cardiovascular

Name the 12 Body Systems

  • State which ones are Viseral/ Somatic

  • And the characteristics of a viseral body system

Viseral characteristics (Tubular in design, mucous membrane lining, 1 or more openings to the body)
Viseral

  • Digestive system

  • Urinary system

  • Respiratory system

  • Male reproduction system

  • Female reproduction system


Somatic


  • Cardiovascular system

  • Nervous system

  • Skeletal system

  • Muscular system

  • Integumentary system

  • Lymphatic system

  • Endocrine system

Name the 4 primary tissues

  • Muscle tissue

  • nervous tissue

  • epithelium

  • connective tissue

What are the 5 principles of morphology?

  • Tubulation

  • Stratification

  • Zygomorphism

  • Metamerism

  • Cavitation

Define/ Give example of each:

  • Tubulation

  • Stratification

  • Zygomorphism

  • Metamerism

  • Cavitation


  • Tubulation- lumen (ex. intestines)

  • Stratification- layering (ex. skin)

  • Zygomorphism- bilateral symmetry (ex. eyes)

  • Metamerism- Stacking (ex. ribs, vertebrae)

  • Cavitation- non-solid structural mass (ex. abdomen)

Which two anatomical planes can divide the abdomen into 4 quadrants?

  • Sagittal plane

  • transverse plane

x of y cards