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Vascular System (Functions)
Transports nutrients, chemical messengers, gases and wastes in blood
Respiratory System (Function)
Adds oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide from blood
Lymphatic System (Functions)
Cleanses & returns tissue fluid to cardiovascular system & assists the body in protecting itself from foreign organisms
Urinary System (Function)
Rids the body of waste products
Integumentary System (Function)
Provide protective covering of body
Nervous System (Functions)
Allow to interact & interpret our environment
Digestive System (Functions)
Provide nutrition to tissues
Muscular System (Function)
Body movement
Endocrine System (Functions)
Produce hormones
Reproductive System (Functions)
Maintenance of species
Skeletal System (Function)
Provides framework for movement & protection
Skeletal System (Organs)
Skull, rib, cartilage, vertebrae
Reproductive System (Organs)
Prostate gland, urethra, testes, penis, ovary, uterus, vagina
Endocrine System (Organs)
Pancreas, thyroids
Muscular System (Organs)
Tendons, biceps brachii, gluteus maximus
Digestive System (Organs)
Stomach, intestines, pharynx, esophagus, liver
Nervous System (Organs)
Sense organ (eye), Central Nervous system (Brain, spinal cord)
Integumentary System (Organs)
skin, hair, nails and glands
Urinary System (Organs)
Kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
Lymphatic System (Organs)
Tonsils, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, lymph vessels
Respiratory System (Organs)
Nasal cavity, nose, pharynx (throat), larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
Vascular System (Organs)
Heart, capillaries, veins, arteries
Anatomical Position
Body is upright, facing forward, arms & legs straight, palms facing forward, feet flat & eyes open
Abdominal Cavity
Area between the diaphragm and the brim of the pelvis
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Contains both the abdominal and pelvic cavities
Cranial Cavity
Contains the brain (Cavity)
Dorsal Cavity
Cranial cavity & spinal canal
Pelvic Cavity
Contains the reproductive organs and urinary bladder
Thoracic Cavity
Part of the ventral body cavity between the neck & the diaphragm
Ventral Cavity
Made up of the thoracic & abdominopelvic cavities
Vertebral Cavity
Contains the spinal cord
Frontal (coronal) Plane
A cut that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
Medial (Mid-sagittal) Plane
A cut dividing the body into right and left parts
Sagittal/Parasagittal Plane
A cut dividing the body into unequal right and left parts
Transverse Plane
A cut dividing the body or organ into superior and interior parts
Anterior
Front or head end
Caudal
Posterior; rear or tail end
Cephalad (cranial)
Toward the head or anterior section
Deep
Toward the core
Distal
Away from trunk
Dorsal
Posterior; toward the back
Inferior
Below
Lateral
Toward the side
Medial
Toward midline
Posterior
Dorsal; toward the back
Proximal
Near the trunk
Superficial
Toward the surface
Superior
Above
Ventral
Anterior; to the front
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