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Hypothalamus
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Hormones: Oxytocin, Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Oxytocin
(Peptide) Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
(Peptide) Promotes retention of water by kidneys.
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Hormones: Growth hormone (GH, Prolactin (PRL), Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinizing Hormone (LH), Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH), Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Growth hormone (GH)
(Protein) Stimulates growth (especially bones) and metabolic functions.
Prolactin (PRL)
(Protein) Stimulates milk production and secretion.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
(Glycoprotein) Stimulates
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
(Glycoprotein) Stimulates ovaries and testes.
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
(Glycoprotein) Stimulates thyroid gland.
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
(Peptide) Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids
Thyroid Gland
Hormones: Triiodothyronine (T3) Thyroxine(T4), Calcitonin
Triiodothyronine (T3) Thyroxine(T4)
(Amine) Stimulates and maintains metabolic processes.
Parathyroid Glands
Hormone: Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
(Peptide) Raises blood calcium levels.
Pancreas
Hormones: Insulin, Glucagon.
Insulin
(protein) Lowers blood glucose level.
Glucogon
Raises blood glucose level.
Adrenal glands
Adrenal Medulla Hormones: Epinephrine and norepinephrine. Adrenal Cortex Hormones: Glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoids.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
(Amines) Raises blood glucose level, increases metabolic activities, constricts certain blood vessels
Glucocorticoids
(Steroid) Raises blood glucose level
Mineralocorticoids
(Steroid) Promotes reabsorption of Na and excretion of K in kidneys.
Gonads
Testes, Ovaries
Testes
Hormones: Androgens, Progestins
Androgens
(Steroid) Support sperm formation, promotes development and maintenance of male secondary sex characteristics.
Ovaries
Hormones: Estrogens, Progestins
Estrogens
(Steroid) Stimulates uterine lining growth; promotes develepment and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics.
Pineal Gland
Hormones: Melatonin
Melatonin
(Amine) Involved in biological rhythms.
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