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Aspartate amintransferase (AST) and Alanine aminotranferase (ALT)
metabolize amino acides to make proteins
Ascites
Peritoneal fluid accumulation d/t increased
Bilirubin
Byproduct of hemoglobin breakdown
Ammonia
Byproduct of protein breakdown
Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA-19-9)
Tumor marker that detects pancreatic, gastric, colonic and ovarian carcinoma
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
Tumor marker that detects GI cancers
Clotting Factors
Thrombin, Fibrin,m Factor X, platelets
Vitamin K
Needed by the liver to make clotting factors
Albumin
A protein that prevents leakage of fluid into surrounding tissues
Paracentesis
Drainage of free fluid from the peritoneal cavity
Liver Biopsy
Dx's cirrhosis and liver cancer
Transjugular Intrahepatic Portal Systemic (TIPS)
Inserted to move blood from portal vein to the hepatic vein
Portal Systemic Encephalopathy
Caused by levels of the byproduct of protein digestion in liver disease
Esophagogastric Balloon Tamponade
Emergent treatment for bleeding esophageal varices
Portal Hypertension
Results in blood not being able to frely pass the portal vein
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