by gringo


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What are the 10 points of organization of a med?
- class
- Drug
- Indications/Uses
- Action
- Pharmacokinetics
- Contraindications
- Interactions
- Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
- Nursing Implications
- Patient Teaching
What are the three points of the organization of a drug?
- name
- dosage
- availability
What are the five nursing implications of a med?
- Assessment
- Diagnosis
- Planning
- Implementation
- Evaluate
What is the generic name for Lasix?
furosemide
What type of diuretic is Lasix (furosimide)?
loop diuretic
What is the generic name for HCTZ?
hydrochlorothiazide
What type of diuretic is HCTZ (hydrochlorothiazide)?
thiazide diuretic
What is the generic name for Aldactone?
spironolactone
What type of diuretic is Aldactone (spironolactone)?
potassium sparing diuretic
What is the generic name for Flomax?
tamsulosin
What type of diuretic is Flomax (tamsulosin)?
alpha 1 adrenergic blocker
What is the generic name for Proscar?
finasteride
What type of diuretic is Proscar (finasteride)?
5 alpha reductase inhibitor
What are the nine points of assessment of fluid status?
- Thirst
- Weight gain/loss
- BP
- Orthostatic hypotension, syncope, dizziness
- lung sounds
- Peripheral/pedal edema
- Dry mucus membranes
- Skin turgor
- I&O
What is the best indicator of fluid volume assessment?
Weight gain/loss
What is syncope?
fainting
I&O must be what to be valuable in the assessment of fluid status?
accurate
What effect do diuretics have on the body?
increase urinary output (UOP)
What are the four indications of use for diuretics?
- HTN
- Heart Failure
- Kidney Disease
- Liver failure
What are the two adverse/side effects of diuretics?
- Fluid imbalance
- Electrolyte imbalnce
What are the three manifestations of fluid imbalance?
- orthostatic hypotension
- hypervolumia
- dehydration
What are the seven main electrolytes?
- Potassium (K+)
- Sodium (Na+)
- Magnesium
- Phosphate
- Bicarbonate
- Chloride
- Calcium
What are normal potassium (k+) levels
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
What are normal sodium (Na+) levels?
135-145 mEq/L
What are the four nursing implications of diuretics?
- assess fluid volume status/edema
- Monitor: VS, I&O, BUN, creatinine, electrolytes
- patient safety
- compliance
What are the six points of patient teaching for diuretics?
- take medication in the morning
- check BP weekly after dose is regulated
- change position slowly
- report muscle weakness or cramps and irregular HR, SOB
- Weigh daily
- Report weight gain >2lbs/day
If a patient taking diuretics reports muscle weakness or cramps and irregular HR or SOB, what is the probable cause?
electrolyte imbalance
What are the three classes of diuretics?
- loop
- thiazide
- potassium sparing
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