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4 Missions of Attack/Reconn
Reconnaissance Security Movement to Contact Attack
Reconnaissance
Route Surveillance Area Surveillance Zone Surveillance Aerial Surveillance
Security
Screen Guard Cover Area
Commanders ask battalion to conduct:
Reconnaissance to obtain infomation about the ACTIVITES and RESOURCES of the enemy, or about METEOROLOGICAL, HYDROGRAPHIC, or GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS of a particular area.
Fundamentals of Reconn
GORRDEE
1. Gain and Maintain Enemy Contact - Once contact is made, it is not voluntarily broken.  2. Orient on the Objective - Positions itself to retain freedom of maneuver.  3. Report Rapidly and Accurately -Report Al info rapidly and accurately.  4. Retain the freedom to maneuver - Do not be caught in "desive engagements"  5. Develop the Situation Rapidly - 6. Ensure max recon forces are forward -"Depth" METT-TC. 7. Ensure Continous Recon
Methods of Recon
Reconnaissance by Fire. Aerial Reconnaissance. Dismounted Reconnaissance.   
Reconnaissance by Fire
"Reduces the chance of ambush" -Appropriate against suspected enemy positions near: Obvious kill zones; Signs of recent enemy activity; Future Friendly Positions. 
Aerial Reconnaissance is Characterized by:
Rapid Recon Aerial recon, forward of ground elements Recon over extended distanced Acquire targets at max standoff distance Use aircraft video imagery to acquire info Low probably of ADA
Effects on visual/sensor search.  

Altitude Airspeed Terrian/Weather Visiual Cues
Procedure for visual/sensor Search
DILR
Detection Identification Location Reporting
Visual Cues
McLOSST-H
Movement Color Light Obvious Sightings Smoke/Dust Shadows/Shapes Trails/Textures Heat
Motive Technique
Stationary Technique
Motive- 10KIAS or faster Non-observation Sector Observation Work Sector      Acquistion/Recognition
Stationary- Hover Quick Overall Scan Scan Immediate Front than work out
Route Recon Defined
Direct effort to obtain detailed info of a SPECIFED ROUTE and all terrian from which the enemy could influence movement along that route.
"Time and Vehicles"
Hasty Recon Defined
TIC
Zone Recon Defined
directed effort to obtain detailed infomation on all routes, obstacles, terrian, and enemy forces with in a zone of bountries. (RESTRITIVE IN NATURE) Critical Tasks: Determine the presence of significant adverse weather.  Recon terrian not easily accessible to ground vehicles. 
Air Route Recon
Same as ground, but primary concern is location of enemy; ease of nav; landing sites; hazards of flight.
LZ/PZ Characteristics
(MTT)
Meteorological Tactical (MSL) Technical (LONGLASSV)
Tactical
Mission Security Location
Techinical
Landing Formations Obstacles and Hazards Number & Type of Aircraft Ground Slope Loads Approach/Departure Size/Surface Conditons Vulnerability
Meteorological
Ceiling Visibility Winds Density Altitude
Fundamentals of Security (MOPPP)
"Triple P"
Maintain Enemy Contact Orient on the Force or Facility to be secured Provide reaction time and maneuver space Perform Continuous Recon Provide Early and Accurate Warning
Screen Define
2 Types of Screen
Provide early warning to the main body through the commo of real time combat info.
*Screen is not in front of a moving body. 
2 Types:
Flank and Rear
Guard
Operations protect the main body from enemy ground observation, direct fire, and suprise attack "Guard will provide forward security while moving!"
Cover
A self-contained, combat-oriented force capable of operating independently of the main body.
Area Security
Form of security that includes recon & security of designated personnel, airfields, unit convoys, facilites.
Convoy Security
Force opeations to the front, flanks, and rear of a convoy element moving along a designated route.  "offensive in nature" "Conducted when insufficient friendly forces are available to CONTINUOUSLY SECURE LINES of communitation in an AO!"
2 Types of Convoy Security
Attached and Detached
Air Space Deconfliction
Crosshair Method Altitude Terrain Feature
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