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What are the 5 types of body movements?
Emlems, Illustrators, Affect displays, Regulators, Adaptors.
Emblems
Middle finger, peace sign, etc.
Illustrators
Accompany and literally illustrate verbal messages
Affect displays
Movements of the face that convey emotional meaning; anger, happiness
Regulators
Monitor, maintain, or control the speaking of another.  EX nodding your head
Adaptors
Satisfy some need and occur with out conscious awareness. 
Self - Scratching head, Alter - Crossing your arms
Object - Clicking a pen, chewing on a pencil.
Facial Management techniques.
Communicate your feelings to get what you want.
Intensify
Exxagerate surprise
Deintensify
Covering up your own joy.
Neutralize
Covering up your own sadness
Mask
Express happiness to cover up dissapointment
Stimulate
Express an emotion you don't feel
Facial Feedack hypothesis
Your facial expressions influence your physiological arousal
Functions of eye contact
Monitor feedack and understand reactions.
Eye contact: Secure attention
Maintain eye contact to secure the attention and interests of your listeners.
Eye contact: Regulate conversation
Regulate, manage, control conversation.  Using your eyes to let know someone that they should speak.
Eye contact: Signal status/nature of relationship.
Signal statue and aggression.
Civil inattention
Avoiding eye contact or averting your glance.  EX Seeing an arguing couple on a bus.
Touch Communications (Positive emotions)
Intimate or close relationships.
Touch Communications (Playfullness)
Affectionately or aggressively.
Deemphasizes the emotion; tell not to take seriously.
Touch Communications (Control behaviors)
"Move over" "Stay here"
May communicate status or dominance.
Touch Communications (Ritualistic)
Shaking hands, kiss, hug
Touch Communications (Task related)
Checking for fever, removing an eyelash from someones face
Paralanguage
Vocal but nonverbal dimension of speech.
The manner in which you say something rather then what you say.
Moaning, whining, laughing
Rate and persuasion
Fast talking = More Persuasive and eval. more highly then those who talk at or below normal.
Against your existing attitude = Rapid more effective
In favor of your attitude = Rapid is less effective.
Spiral of silence
More likely to voice your opinion when you agree with the majority.
Space: Protection theory
Body buffer zone, protection against touching or attack
Space: Equilibrium
Greater intimancy = closer distance.
Lower intimancy - Further distance
Territoriality
Possessie reaction to an area or particular objects
Home territory
Areas that you call your own.  EX Your desk
Secondary territory
Don't belong to you, but you are associated with them.
Public territory
Open to all people.  EX. Restaraunt, shopping mall
Markers
Used to indicate pseudo-ownership
Central markers
Item that you place to reserve for you.  EX book on a desk.
Boundary markers
Set boundaries to divide territory.  EX Bars between lines at a grocery
Ear markers
Marks that indicate possession.  EX trademarks, nameplates
Encroachment
Unwritten law granting the right of invasion.
Higher status have the "right" over lower status
Withdrawal reaction to encroachment
Leave the scene
Turf defense (Encroachement)
Defend territory. "This is my seat."
Insulation (Encroachment)
Putting up a fence around your property.
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