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a-, an-
absence or lack; acardia, lack of a heart, anaerobic, in the absence of oxygen
ab-
departing from, away from: abnormal, departing from normal
acou-
hearing; acoustics, the science of sound
ac-, acro-
extreme or extremity, peak; acrodermatitis, inflammation of the skin of the extremities
ad-
to or toward; adorbital, toward the orbit
aden-, adeno-
gland; adeniform, resembling a gland in shape
adren-
toward the kidney; adrenal gland, adjacent to the kidney
aero-
air; aerobic respiration, oxygen-requiring metabolism
af-
toward; afferent neurons, which carry impulses to the central nervous system
agon-
contest; agonistic and antagonistic muscles, which oppose each other
alb-
white; corpus albicans of the ovary, a white scar tissue
aliment-
nourish; alimentary canal, or digestive tract
allel-
of one another; alleles, alternative expressions of a gene
amphi-
on both sides, of both kinds; amphibian, an organism capable of living in water and on land
ana-
apart, up, again; anaphase of mitosis, when the chromosomes separate
anastomos-
come together; arteriovenous anastomosis, a connection between an artery and a vein
aneurysm
a widening; aortic aneurysm, a weak spot that causes enlargement of the blood vessel
angi-
vessel; angiitis, inflammation of a lymph vessel of blood vessel
angin-
choked; angina pectoris, a choked feeling in the chest due to dysfunction of the heart
carcin-
cancer; carcinogen, a cancer-causing agent
ant-, anti-
opposed to, preventing or inhibiting; anticoagulant, a substance that prevents blood coagulation
ante-
preceding, before; antecubital, in front of the elbow
aort-
great artery; aorta
ap-, api-
tip, extremity; apex of the heart
append-
hang to; appendicular skeleton
aqua-, aque-
water; aqueous solutions
arbor
tree; arbor vitae of the cerebellum, the treelike pattern of white matter
areola-
open space; areolar connective tissue, a loose connective tissue
arrect-
upright; arrector pili muscles of the skin, which make the hairs stand erect
artic-
joint; articular surfaces of bones, the points of connection
arthr-, arthro-
joint; arthropathy, any joint disease
atri-
vestibule; atria, upper chambers of the heart
auscult-
listen; auscultatory method for measuring blood pressure
aut-, auto-
self; autogenous, self-generated
ax-, axi-, axo-
axis, axle; axial skeleton, axis of vertebral column
azyg-
unprepared; azygous vein, an unpaired vessel
baro-
pressure; baroreceptors for monitoring blood pressure
basal
base; basal lamina of epithelial basement membrane
bi-
two; bicuspid, having two cusps
bili-
bile; bilirubin, a pile pigment
bio-
life; biology, the study of life and living organisms
blast-
bud or germ; blastocyte, undifferentiated embryonic cell
brachi-
arm; brachial plexus of peripheral nervous system supplies the arm
brady-
slow; bradycardia, abnormally slow heart rate
brev-
short; peroneus brevis, a short leg muscle
broncho-
bronchus; bronchospasm, spasmodic contraction of bronchial muscle
bucco-
cheek; buccolabial, pertaining to the cheek and lip
calor-
heat; calories, a measure of energy
capill-
hair; blood and lymph capillaries
caput-
head; decapitate, remove the head
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